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The Two Enantiomers (An Analysis Of Thomas Hobbes And Sebastian Casteillo)

1016 words - 5 pages

At first glance, Sebastian Casteillo and Thomas Hobbes appear to be very similar. They were both men who were educated and held strong beliefs about their country and how it should be run. After closer inspection, Casteillo and Hobbes are near complete opposites. One philosopher believes in a strong central government, while the other promoted self-rule. Topics that include religious toleration and the fear of the title “heretic” included completely different perspectives among the two people. Despite their differences, they endured similar fates and continued to argue for their cause.
Sebastian Casteillo was a huge advocate for freedom of religion. He expressed a great deal of this ...view middle of the document...

Thomas Hobbes, on the other hand, held a different perspective. He advocated for an influential government and believed that people were not capable of self-rule. To him, self-rule would lead to chaos and destruction. In his book, “The Leviathan”, he states that people must give up certain rights in order to maintain safety and peace within their environment. Without some regulation, everyone would resort to fighting among each other instead of keeping restraint. However, he is still considered fairly liberal. This categorization is because he views liberty as more of a man’s capability of achieving desire without any obstacles. Having a strong central government would give such an opportunity for the people to do so as they would not live in fear of attack. Hobbes also believed in a unified religion among members of society. He believed that a unified religion would also aid in preventing discourse (Owen 134).
Hobbes’s views were at first appreciated and welcomed, but they soon became controversial. He, at one point, became accused of a heretic for his radical beliefs. While the allegations never developed to a formal charge, it forced Hobbes to reassess his perspective. Hobbes became fearful of banishment within his community, unlike Casteillo. He began researching the laws of heresy and asserted that his arguments do not fall under the guidelines of heresy. The debate of heresy eventually declined after a period of time during a transition of power within his society’s government (Willman 609).
These two philosophers have vastly different perspectives on the same topic. Yet, they do share a common belief. This belief included how their society could not continue to function in its current state. Sebastian and Thomas expressed the need for a change and passionately fought for their cause. These two also fall under the category of liberals. They perceived the world atypical from their society and believed that man should have the freedom of choice Hobbes and Cateillo were both either accused or charged with heresy and faced backlash for their opinions. Their pursuit for their cause greatly attributed western thinking.
In current society,...

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