The nature of logic and its relation to critical thinking is very profounding. It is important to understand how people think and make the unknown number of decisions everyday. "If people do not understand the workings of the brain, if they cannot enter its inner sanctum and unfold its mystery, then how can they define thinking?" (Thinking, 1999) What causes the perceptions that are created?
Logic works as a guide through the critical-thinking process. Logic forces people to think about the out come of certain propositions before they ask a question. Until a beneficial question is discovered it is impossible to start the critical thinking process. Critical thinking involves asking many questions. To accomplish a successful resolution, it is required to ask the right questions. Asking the wrong questions and then following through with supporting them would be foolish, unfocused, and illogical. For example, if someone wanted to discover the meaning of "logic," they would probably look in the Dictionary or Thesaurus. The Thesaurus would give provide a close meaning through similar word comparison, but the Dictionary would provide an exact definition. Choosing the dictionary will aid in starting the critical-thinking process by taking in information and analyzing it.
Most of the time people do not realize the logic reasoning that goes into critical thinking. Logic acts as a guide through the critical thinking process and continues to guide when the thought process is finished. For instance, when a conclusion is made of an analysis and a clear understanding of the information is obtained it is often asked if the resolution supports the topic. This is logic. To include "yes" and "no" answers many times reflects on logic.
Our perception of situations is received visually and audibly, and through the perceptual process people develop an inner reality. Many factors come into being that may influence their perception. The perception process takes repetitive influence and will develop over time. The media, their surroundings, religion, and upbringing will all influence their perception. For example, being at home and watching the news, no atrocious scenes from the present situation in Iraq. Get up from the chair and take a walk outside, the sky is blue, a kind wave from the neighbor is given, the birds are chirping, and everything seems alright and at ease. The perception here is that the world is kind, and a sense of security is felt. However, turning on the radio, the announcer states that three car bombs have went off injuring several soldiers in the city of Tikrit, Iraq, a different perception is now given. Now an inner feeling of insecurity, darkness, anger, and a world full of evil has been portrayed. Perceptions are only possible because of the physical senses, and at times, people have found themselves confused through this inner intricate process.
Perceptions are developed, and in some way a perceptual block has influenced reality. ...