This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Nature Of Quebec’s Failed Separation Attempts In 1980 And 1995

1941 words - 8 pages

On Monday, October 30th, 1995, citizens of Canada’s largest province gathered to settle an issue which had been plaguing Canada for many years. The province of Quebec, the only French majority province in Canada, held a referendum, which is a public vote on any matter, concerning the issue of sovereignty. This issue has been a recurring theme over the years, since Réné Lévesque initiated the Parti Quebecois (PQ) in 1968. The Parti Quebecois is the backbone of the Quebec separatist movement, it is the most prominent political party in Quebec which reveals the imminent possibility of a Canada without Quebec. In spite of the power of numbers which is supposedly working in Quebec’s favour regarding separation, Quebec’s desire to separate from Canada is simply a show of bravado without substance. Quebec cannot feasibly separate from Canada because the basis of the proposed separation through the referendum, is very ambiguous, furthermore, Quebec is not economically self-sufficient and ultimately, the presence of the large amount of ‘Non’ voters further prevents this fantastical notion of separation from becoming a reality.
The basis of trust in any nation is vested in the clarity with which the government relates vital issues to its citizens. Quebec fails this standard in that the referendum which the Parti Quebecois crafted intentionally conceals the answers to vital questions posed by Quebecers and Federalists alike. Prior to the referendum being held, the Parti Quebecois systematically planned the strategy for the sovereignty referendum and publically revealed it on December 6th, 1994. This strategy has three fundamental elements which clearly reveal the lack of complete honesty within the Parti Quebecois concerning sovereignty. The three components of the referendum strategy are the introduction of Bill 1, which is entitled, An Act Recognizing the Sovereignty of Quebec, consequently, the strategy requires the Bill to be finalized through a referendum and to conclude the matter, public consultation must be sought. Bill 1 blatantly declares that “Quebec is a sovereign country” (Young, 16) based on the sovereignty-association model. The sovereignty- association model is a sham for the sovereignty movement of the PQ in the 1980 referendum. In 1980, Jacques Parizeau emphasised the model of a completely sovereign Quebec which has no ties whatsoever with Canada. The results of the 1980 referendum proved the lack of reception which the PQ’s definition of sovereignty had among Quebecers because “41.5% voted ‘Oui’ to separation, while 56.5% voted ‘Non’” (Kizilos, 56). With this understanding in mind, many Quebecers are confused concerning what the PQ insinuates by the term ‘sovereignty-association’. Some believe the sovereignty-association suggests that Quebec would continue to use Canada’s passports and currency while maintaining separate control over its domestic and foreign affairs. The fact that Quebecers do not fully comprehend the meaning of the...

Find Another Essay On The Nature of Quebec’s Failed Separation Attempts in 1980 and 1995

The Necessary Separation of Church and State in America

1664 words - 7 pages The Necessary Separation of Church and State in America On January 1, 1802, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to the Committee of the Danbury Baptist Association in Connecticut in which he stated: “Believing with you that religion is a matter which lies solely between Man & his God, that he owes account to none other for his faith or his worship, that the legitimate powers of government reach actions only, & not opinions, I contemplate with

Separation of Powers in the US Government

1014 words - 4 pages The separation of power throughout the united states government prevents one part of the government from becoming so strong that it can infringe on the freedom of the governed (Bernstein 24). The united states government is a representative republic. A representative republic is a type of democracy where the people elect representatives to vote for them in the nations matters, rather than having every person vote on every single election and

No Separation of Powers in the UK

1698 words - 7 pages but also for the legal system, where an independent judiciary is essential if the rule of law is to have any substance.” Historical developments indicate that separation of powers played a crucial role in order for a governmental mechanism to function fairly and carry out the fundamental principles of the rule of law. This is illustrated in the controversial decision in M v Home Office, which indicated that no power by a political official should

The Separation of Church and State

1065 words - 4 pages The Separation of Church and State America wastes a lot of time trying to create a democracy completely absent of the moral expectations that our ancestors have put into place. Our founding fathers’ dream of establishing a country in which all people would be accepted has begun to fall. In our attempt to rid our country of a democracy contaminated with any belief in a supreme power, we have rid ourselves of many of our values and morals

Human Dominion and Separation from Nature

1335 words - 6 pages created in the image of God to be stewards of His creation. This separation from nature at the beginning, and then the fall of man in chapter 3 of Genesis causes nature to be in opposition to man’s work. This sets the stage for generations of exploitation and a departure of our natural world. Wordsworth’s poem, “The world is too much with us” laments on this separation of man from nature. He even appeals to the Christian god in his poem, but follows

Separation of the State and Church

1663 words - 7 pages The separation of the state and church refers to the distinct distance in the relationship that exists between the national state and the organized church. Although the aspect of separation between the state and the church has worked in a number of nations, the degree of separation varies depending on the valid legal policies and laws in relationship with the prevalence views on the religious aspect of the society. In most of the nations that

'The UN has failed in its central role, the maintenance of international peace and security." Discuss

2045 words - 8 pages , Cambodia and Central America, these situations illustrated the fact that the UN was operating as intended and it was fulfilling its aims of promoting security and order.To some extent, we cannot say the UN has failed because it has made significant attempts at stabilizing world conflicts and maintaining peace and security. It has proved effective in securing and gathers coalition forces in solving the world conflicts. Regarding the Operation Desert

The 1980 Eruption of Mount Saint Helens and Its Impact

1523 words - 6 pages shake my head and think, "It used to be so nice here." But volcanoes operate on mountain time, and even the huge 1980 blast was just a tick on the geological clock of this volcano. If the Native American spirit of Loo-wit in Mount St. Helens could speak, she might just cast a skeptical old eye on the overawed humans ogling her ruined face and say, "What's the big deal? This is what volcanoes do, you know."” (Pendick, 1995) Only time will tell what

Separation and Survival in

2867 words - 11 pages . Separation is a paramount theme, entwined for Northup - who had a free family awaiting his return, rather than a slave family he might have had to leave behind - with strategies of survival and plans for escape. Not only Northup's own story, but those of the slaves he met and lived with are included in his narrative,. especially in the first half, which details how Northup was transported from Washington to Richmond and finally to Louisiana

An assesment of the United Nations and why it has failed in its duties

612 words - 2 pages organisation.One might have thought that the credibility of the UN Security Council had already been badly weakened - say in Bosnia in 1993, Rwanda in 1994 or in East Timor in 1999, to cite only three recent cases when it failed to protect the lives of thousands of defenceless civilians from slaughter.The failures of Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia and elsewhere are regularly called up by detractors of the United Nations as examples of its incapacity to solve

Events of the 1980's

2236 words - 9 pages Events of the 1980'sThe 1980's started of hope and optimism to a vision of a reborn America. After two decades of troubles, assassinations, urban riots, the agony of Vietnam and the disgrace of Watergate the nation was ready to move ahead. Here was the oldest man ever to serve as president, Ronald Reagan was in his 70'a yet this boyish grin and rugged good looks still projected the youthful vigor of his days in Hollywood (Time Life Book Editors

Similar Essays

Gorbachev’s Failed Attempts To Reform The Ussr

1194 words - 5 pages existing system, which was still basically Stalinist, with a socialist system that was humane and democratic. He did not have great success at home. Why his attempts to reform the USSR failed, will be discussed in the following paragraphs. First of all, there was opposition from within the communist party; radicals such as Boris Yeltsin felt that the reforms were not drastic enough, while conservatives like Yegor

America's History Of Failed Attempts At Intervening With Foreign Governments

2048 words - 8 pages most muddled history of U.S. relations are Central America and the Caribbean. Many of the interventions in these areas are often failed attempts; especially the interventions that took place during the Kennedy and Reagan administrations. Specifically, in Cuba and Nicaragua, U.S. intervention has been fueled by the U.S. governments desire to keep the Soviet Union from gaining power. Cuba itself has a very rocky past. Starting in 1899 Cuba

Review, Analysis And Comparison Of Jumanji The Book In 1981 And The Film In 1995

1350 words - 5 pages Jumanji, a classic story which started out as a children's book has also been converted into the movie media form. Jumanji, a children's picture book which was written and illustrated by Chris Van Ellsberg in 1981, Jumanji was the Caldecott Medal Winner of 1982, with some of the most detailed pictures I personally have ever seen done by a free hand illustrator. The book Jumanji is about two children, Peter and Judy, whose parents go out to the

The Separation And Balance Of Powers In The Uk Constitution

1742 words - 7 pages The Separation and Balance of Powers in the UK Constitution “By the latter part of the 20th century the independence of the judges had come under increasing threat from interference by the executive. Recent reforms have, however, served to redress this position and ensure that a proper division of personnel and functions between these two arms of the state is restored. Discuss this statement in the context of the