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The Types Of Intelligence Essay

1155 words - 5 pages

Howard Gardner created a theory called ‘The Multiple Intelligence Theory’, which states that every human being has nine types of intelligence that are unique to them. Gardner, a psychologist and Harvard graduate, created this theory in 1983 (“Multiple Intelligences”). The multiple intelligence theory originally consisted of seven types of intelligence but, later on, two more types were added (Collins). Each intelligence type reflects the way a person interacts with the world, and the intelligences are like fingerprints- no two people have the same combination of the intelligences. Gardner introduced the original seven types of intelligences through “Frames of Mind”, which was ...view middle of the document...

They are good at giving instructions and directions, and many consider careers such as artist, photographer, decorator and engineer (Visual/Spatial Intelligence). Visually intelligent people have good hand-eye coordination, and some can visually measure an object, such as a couch that needs to be put into a space (Breyer). Visual intelligence is overall the ability to imagine things in the mind (“Types of Intelligence”)
Bodily/Kinesthetic intelligence is the ability to apply motor-skills. People with bodily intelligence use their bodies to overcome a situation, such as an athlete does in a sporting event, or a dancer in a show (Breyer). People with this intelligence learn by touching, enjoy hands-on activities rather than just looking, love the outdoors and are athletic. Athletes, carpenters, actors, physical therapists, dancers and paramedics are just a few of the possible careers for a person with kinesthetic intelligence (“Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence”)
Musical intelligence is the ability to think with music (“Multiple Intelligences”). People with this intelligence are sensitive to tunes and rhythms, will recognize when a note is off-key, and love music. According to Melissa Breyer, somebody can increase their musical intelligence by listening to a variety of music, singing, and also by listening to their surroundings. Musically intelligent people are often very talented with an instrument or their voice, and can become singers, conductors, composers, music teachers or producers (“Musical Intelligence”)
Intrapersonal and interpersonal intelligences are two very similar but very different types of intelligences. Intrapersonal, or introspective, intelligence is based of self-awareness and the ability to understand inner thoughts (“Types of Intelligences”). People with this intelligence prefer to work alone and are independent and ambitious. People with intrapersonal intelligence will go into careers such as psychology, philosophy or writing, or can be self-employed (“Intrapersonal Intelligence”). Interpersonal intelligence, however, is the ability to connect others. People with the intelligence are aware of emotions in others and try to help understand, which is important for people who are thinking about a career in teaching, nursing or thinking about being a sales representative (“Multiple Intelligences”, “Interpersonal Intelligence”). Intrapersonal intelligence is the ability for a person to understand their self, while interpersonal intelligence is understanding others.
Naturalist and existential intelligences were introduced in Gardner’s follow-up book in 1999 (“Multiple Intelligences and Education”). Naturalist intelligence is sensitivity to surroundings. People with naturalistic intelligence love the outdoors, hate pollution, and are very caring when it comes to nature (“Naturalist Intelligence”). Gardeners, farmers, animal trainers, botanists, zookeepers, geologists, biologists, and veterinarians...

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