The General Principles Of Teaching Essay

2712 words - 11 pages

THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF TEACHINGASSIGNMENT 1ContentsTask 1 3Learning 3Forgetting 3Motivation 4Attention 5Feedback 5Overlearning 6Reinforcement 6Stimulus-Response Bonds 7Teacher/Learner Relationship 7Concepts 8'Discovery' Learning 8Avoidance Learning 9Perception 9Rote Learning 9Task 2 11De-motivators 11To Improve Motivation 11Summary 12Task 1LearningDictionary Definition:learn·ing (lûr n ng)n.The act, process, or experience of gaining knowledge or skill.Knowledge or skill gained through schooling or study.Psychology.Behavioural modification especially through experience or conditioning.Learning occurs whenever you adopt new behaviour or modify existing behaviour patterns in a way that has some influence on future performance or attitudes. Learning is therefore a form of activity that results in a lasting or permanent change in behaviour.Learning is something that we never stop doing. We start learning from the moment we are born and keep on learning until the day we die. Learning is the ability to understand new things and putting into action the things we have learnt in everyday life.We can learn by discovering how to do things by ourselves or by being taught by someone else. The key to learning is motivation.ForgettingDictionary Definition:for·get (f r-g t , fôr-) v. for·got, (-g t ) for·got·ten, (-g t n) or for·got for·get·ting, for·getsv. tr.To be unable to remember (something).To treat with thoughtless inattention; neglect: forget one's family.To leave behind unintentionally.To fail to mention.To banish from one's thoughts: forget a disgrace.Informal. To disregard on purpose. Usually used in the imperative: Oh, forget it. I refuse to go!Forgetting with regard to learning is the inability to retrieve what you require (from long term memory).Possible reasons for forgetting include:1. We can forget temporarily - what we have forgotten will return sooner or later, such as when you've heard a record on the radio but can't remember the artist when you tell someone about the song. The name will come back to you sooner or later - probably the most effective means to ensure that you don't forget is to use memory association - associate the thing you are trying to remember to a word or phrase.2. We can forget due to interference - such as when trying to learn about similar things at the same time, especially when learning a new language.3. We can forget due to fading, or skill fade - when you have to recall something that you learned a long time ago and have not needed to retrieve for some time.4. We can forget due to recency - this is because we have pushed something to the back of our minds, possibly due to unhappy connections and have conditioned ourselves not to remember or if the information doesn't appear relevant. This can be overcome by psychiatric assistance, hypnosis or psychoanalysis.MotivationDictionary Definition:mo·ti·va·tion (m t -v sh...


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