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The U.S. Mexico Border Essay

1784 words - 7 pages

The U.S. – Mexico Border is the area of 62 miles on either side of the political border. It stretches from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, approximately 1,951 miles. Its region contains sparse amounts of water, is flat and desert-like (Hively 1). The U.S.-Mexico Border should be abolished because it was the result of war and mistrust, it affected and still affects many people, and doing so would improve life in both the United States and Mexico.
The U.S. - Mexico Border was a product of war and mistrust. It was formed due to the Mexican - American War of 1848. It was a war over territory that cost many their lives. Before, the area was controlled by Native Americans, Mexico, and (for some time) Texas. Mexico got its independence from Spain in 1821, promptly turning the U.S. and Mexico frontier line into a national boundary to separate the two. Mexico asked for people to live on their land and tend to it since there was a shortage in population. Most settled in the areas now known as California and Texas. The foreign settlers established their own communities, finally detaching from the Mexican Republic, inevitably leading into a war where Mexico lost Texas (Davenport 15-17).Texas came into union with the United States in 1845. However, the U.S.’s thirst for land was not sated, and they craved California and the Rio Grande. The war between United States and Mexico was declared by the U.S. Congress on May 13th, 1846. After many bloody battles and lives lost, the U.S. captured Mexico’s capital on September 14th. Once Mexico was defeated, new boundary lines were drawn (Davenport 34-44). The United States and Mexico signed a treaty in January, 1848 to establish the international boundary. It laid out the land according to the Colorado, Gila, and Rio Grande rivers (Davenport 46-54).
The establishment of the U.S.-Mexico Border affected many people and their lifestyles, not necessarily in a positive way. The building of the barriers along the border wall involved the taking of other people’s land. In 2006, the United States initiated a project to build a physical barrier along the border where before, there had only been checkpoints and official land crossings. The government took away land owned by farmers, Latino and American property owners, and Native Americans living on the land on either side of the border. DHS could take land in name of creating the border. Some people gave up or sold their property to the government willingly. Those who sold them didn’t get the adequate compensation and some did not know what they were agreeing to. Those who refused to give away their land were sued by the DHS and had their land taken anyways (Gilman 258). The government conned people out of their homes and land, sometimes even their only source of income. People who lived off their land in order to survive were forced to change their way of living when construction occurred. Also, the rights of indigenous groups were ignored with no respect towards...

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