Since the fall of the Soviet Union, international politics have shifted from policies once used during the Cold War to the unrest in the Middle East. In a time where global terrorism was thought to be the main threat to modern society, the annexation of the Crimean peninsula by the Russian Federation has reinvigorated Cold War tactics. Located in eastern Ukraine, the Crimean Peninsula harbors a strategic advantage for naval shipping. Because of the unrest and riots erupting in Ukraine due to the disdain of recently ousted President Viktor Yanukovych, the Russian Federation seized control of the Crimean Peninsula and declared part of the Russian Federation. The unrest in the Crimean Peninsula has the potential to plunge global politics into a Cold War era that could last for indeterminate amount of time.
The Crimean Peninsula has a history of mixed conquerors and rulers for nearly half a millennium. Its history and timeline has been disputed all the way back to the era of Kievan Rus. The modern history of Crimea begins in 1783 when the Russian Empire first annexed it. Nearly 200 years later the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was created only to be dissolved into the Soviet Union approximately two decades later in 1945. Once a province of the Russian SSR, Crimea was then been made a province of the Ukrainian SSR in 1954. An Autonomous Republic within Ukraine since 1991, Crimea was seized and annexed by the Russian Federation recently, prompting the 2014 Crimean Crisis.
In order to understand the crisis that is occurring in Crimea, one must understand the historical and ethical controversies that occurred in Crimea. From the inhabitance of the Tatars to the occupation of Nazi and Soviet forces to the ethnic cleansing and political realignment to Ukrainian SSR, Crimea has a disputed legacy. This dispute has climaxed in recent months when Russia declared Crimea to no longer be a part of Ukrainian sovereignty but a part of the Russian Federation. Ukraine has always been of strategic interest to Russia. Crimea has a strategic location in the Black Sea. It contains a strong naval base that houses a large portion of the Russian fleet. Additionally, Ukraine acts as a buffer between Russia and the West. Russia has routinely squashed any attempts by Ukraine to join the EU and seeks to bring Ukraine into the Eurasian Union. The future of Ukraine is very uncertain and this uncertainty is causing much unrest for the citizens of Ukraine and Western states. As of right now, Russia has declared that it is uninterested in further annexing Ukrainian territory; however, the EU is untrusting of Russia and remains on edge.
The uprisings in Ukraine have instigated increasing turmoil in Eastern Europe. When recently impeached President Yanukovych dismissed Ukraine’s entrance into the EU on behalf of Putin, riots erupted in Ukraine. Russia accuses the United States and the EU of funding and directing the revolution in Ukraine. Pro-Russian forces...