The supporting and advocating on behalf of human rights has been one of the primary principles of the United Nations. Since its founding in 1945, the United Nations has worked to preserve the basic human rights and fundamental freedoms it believes to be deserved of by every man, woman, and child on the planet. Throughout the near seventy years of the United Nations’ existence, it has been challenged with an array of questions, events, and claims regarding the possible violation of human rights. In order to combat these claims, the body has established two organizations to deal with matters of human rights. The first being the Commission Human Rights, was the original organization, founded in 1946. The Commission existed until March of 2006, when it was disbanded amidst controversy and criticism of its member-states having poor human rights records, and was consequently replaced with the Human Rights Council.
Ironically, the Human Rights Council has now come under debate and criticism. The council is now facing controversy oddly similar to that of its predecessor: member-states having poor human rights records. Claims, which will be examined within this investigation, are being made that accuse the Human Rights Council of investigating human rights violations on a political system, and not solely for the support and protection of said human rights. This brings a question to the forefront: has the United Nations failed in its determination to support and advocate for human rights? This investigation plans to answer that question.
The investigation of this question is significant in the overall protection of human rights. While there is structure and methods in analyzing and intervening on behalf of the rights and freedoms of all persons, it is critical that these methods be analyzed in their approach, impact, and effectiveness at shedding light on human rights violations, thus improving the status of human rights, and protecting the rights and fundamental freedoms from any further attack. This, in turn, helps to advance the freedoms of all persons, generating improvements in the overall quality of life that each person may receive as a result from having these international rights and freedoms.
In order for a complete analysis, the structure of the United Nations itself will be analyzed. In addition to this, the protocol for the intervention of the United Nations on behalf of human rights will be investigated, as will a series of issues regarding human rights violations in China and Burma (now Myanmar), and whether or not the United Nations, if involved, was able to support and advocate for human rights.
II. A Summary and Description of the United Nations
Purpose, Functions, and Structure of the United Nations
Before we are able to determine the success or failure of the United Nations in its determination to advocate and support human rights on an international scale, it is imperative that we come to an understanding of the...