This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Unification Of Germany Between 1863 And 1871

1155 words - 5 pages

The Unification of Germany Between 1863 and 1871

On the 18th January 1871, Wilhelm 1 was proclaimed Emperor of a united
Germany. The unification of Germany was, like all historical events,
multi- causal, the most influential reasons being the Bismark's
cynical and unscrupulous diplomacy, military superiority of Prussia
and economic power, and lastly, popular nationalist sentiment.

Bismark seems to be the most important factor of these. He was a
successful diplomat with strong anti liberal views. Even though
parliament refused to approve taxes for enlarging the Prussian army,
Bismark simply carried on collecting them, showing his willingness to
go to extreme measures to achieve his aims.

Between 1864 and 1871 Bismark engaged in three wars which brought
about the unification of Germany. Firstly, the Danish war of 1864.
This successful war for Bismark meant that he presented himself as the
champion of German interests. By the convention of Gastein in 1865,
Prussia took Schleswig and Austria took Holstein. This gave Bismark
the chance to pick a quarrel with Austria whenever he saw the need. It
has been argued that Bismark did not deliberately set out for war with
Denmark, but cleverly took advantage of the situation.

Bismark's next war was against Austria, seeming more planned. In 1866
he provoked war by proposing that the German confederation should be
dissolved and a new one set up excluding Austria. Lasting only seven
weeks, this proved a great success as it led to the setting up of the
new 'North German Confederation,' making the unification of Germany
easier as Prussia's main rival was excluded. The 'Peace of Prague'
Treaty was then signed which achieved Bismark's main aims of Prussian
domination.

Bismark's third war came over the issue of the succession of the
Spanish throne in 1870. Napoleon III feared the encirclement of France
if a Hohenzollern became king and demanded that Prince Leopold
withdraw. This was agreed but he then demanded guarantees that the
candidature would not be renewed. Bismark altered the Ems telegram so
that the French Government could only take it as a rebuff. The French
public demanded a war which was again a triumph for Prussia, giving
her Alsace and Lorraine and enabled Bismark to complete the
unification of Germany.

Military superiority in Prussia also aided the unification process.
The declaration of a German Reich followed the victories of the
Prussian army over Austria and France. Within a month the French
armies were decisively defeated, the Prussian capturing over 160 000
French soldiers. The Prussian army was able to mobilise at speed
compared to France. The Austrian was lasted only seven weeks as
Austria had to fight on two fronts and Prussia's planning and weaponry
were far superior to that of Austria.

Chief of Staff, Von...

Find Another Essay On The Unification of Germany Between 1863 and 1871

the unification of germany Essay

1437 words - 6 pages provisions of the Vienna settlement were that Italy had to abandon the reforms and changes that the French had introduced during their occupation of Italy between the years 1796-1815. The French during their rule, reformed the state system by creating a four state system, they changed the political system by reducing the power and privileges of the landed aristocracy and the church and by allowing the middle classes a role in politics by introducing

Analyzing the unification of Italy and Germany

1932 words - 8 pages . The Congress of Vienna played a huge role in the unification of Italy and Germany because it divided territories promoting the idea of nationalism.The rise and subsequent fall of Napoleon, was a major factor in the need for the Congress of Vienna. "When Napoleon abdicated his thrown and accepted his enemies' offer of exile to the Mediterranean island of Elba, thus bringing to an end to more than twenty years of nearly constant warfare between

Unification of Germany

1186 words - 5 pages Italy with German Reich, especially with Italy desiring to remove the authority of Pope Pius XI from Rome. The alliance between Germany and Italy developed not only in response to the containment of France, but in hopes of maintaining the political status quo in Europe, especially as the preservation of status quo was Bismarck’s main diplomatic objective after unification. Furthermore, prior to the unification of Germany, France contemplated

Unification of Germany

2761 words - 11 pages Unification of Germany On January 18, 1871, the German Empire was proclaimed宣佈æˆç«‹. It is a turning point轉æ©é»ž in the European history, and was one of the remote causesé å›  that led to the outbreak of the First World War. In fact, the success of German unification was due to the interplay互相交織 of many factors. Ideological ----------- a. Liberalism: Ideas of liberalism had been sown by the

Unification of Germany

1531 words - 6 pages As indicated with the examples of Italy and Belgium, the international system favored the larger super powers over smaller states within Europe and as Germany steadily grew to the status of great power, the preexisting powers appeared virtually diplomatically undisturbed by the change. Most notably, Great Britain viewed the unification of Germany as the weakening of France as opposed to the rise of Germany, indicating where the naval power

unification of germany

1437 words - 6 pages provisions of the Vienna settlement were that Italy had to abandon the reforms and changes that the French had introduced during their occupation of Italy between the years 1796-1815. The French during their rule, reformed the state system by creating a four state system, they changed the political system by reducing the power and privileges of the landed aristocracy and the church and by allowing the middle classes a role in politics by introducing

Compare and Contrast the Unification of Germany, Italy, and the United States

2967 words - 12 pages Compare and Contrast the Unification of Germany, Italy, and the United States From the 1790s to 1814 French troops successively conquered and occupied the area that later constituted the German Empire. French domination helped to modernize and consolidate Germany and -- toward the end -- sparked the first upsurge of German nationalism. In different ways the French emperor Napoleon I helped German unification. It was important that he

Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany

2033 words - 8 pages Blood and Iron - The Main Factors in the Unification of Germany The unification of Germany was not just a matter of the signing a document stating that the many states had become one country. There were problems such as varying languages, currencies, and ethnic minorities to name a few. In the end however one country, Germany was the states as one but how was it unified? 'Coal and iron' refers to economic ties

The Terminal Stage of the Unification of Germany

1119 words - 5 pages 1800s, the idea of nationalism swept across the continent of Europe that steered about the Great War such as Russian supporting the Slavic peoples, assassination of Archduke, and unification of Germany. With the increasing desire for independence, the Slavic peoples in Bosnia and Herzegovina no longer wanted to be part of Austria Hungary but instead be part of Serbia; the Slavic people shared the same ethnicity as the Russians, therefore it provided

Discuss the causes of the American Revolution. In your discussion consider the main areas of disagreement between the British government and the American colonists between 1863 and 1774

1610 words - 6 pages Discuss the causes of the American Revolution. In your discussion consider the main areas of disagreement between the British government and the American colonists between 1863 and 1774. the period of time from the 17th century to the 18th century was a vital time in American History. During this time, the British colonies, which would later become the United States, were developing their own unique societies and governments which would

The Emancipation Proclamation of 1863

1860 words - 7 pages a military tactic because it strengthened the Union army, because the emancipated slaves were joining the Union thus providing a larger manpower than the Confederacy . The Emancipation Proclamation emancipated slaves only in the Confederacy and did not apply to the Border-states and the Union states. At this point of time of the war; in 1862/1863 the Union army was losing against the Confederacy; the Confederacy was leading the war. The

Similar Essays

Coal And Iron And The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1803 words - 7 pages Coal and Iron and the Unification of Germany in 1871 In 1862, Bismarck said that ‘the great questions of the day will be settled by blood and iron.’ Although there is undoubtedly some degree of accuracy in this statement, the most important reason for the unification of Germany, which ended ‘the great questions of the day,’ was ‘coal and iron.’ This is a quote from British economist John Maynard Keynes, who argued

Motivation Behind The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1120 words - 4 pages As with the motivations behind the unification of most modern nations, the unification of Germany in 1871 can be attributed to many varied causes, of which the following three must be said to be among the most important. The populist forces of nationalism and liberalism, the military conquests of Prussia and its territories and lastly the economic, commercial and industrial benefits that it brought to the entire country. The ideas of

Bismarck's Unification Of Germany, 1862 1871 Essay

1126 words - 5 pages A.) The Situation in 1862When OTTO VON BISMARCK was appointed chancellor of Prussia by King Wilhelm IV. in 1862, the liberal democratic attempt to unify Germany had failed (1848/49). There was a widespread sentiment among the Germans, especially among the urban and protestant Germans, in favor of unification. Under similar conditions, COUNT CAMILLO CAVOUR had engineered Italy's unification in 1859/60. As in Italy's case, there were a number of

The Unification Of Germany Essay

1365 words - 5 pages The Unification of Germany           In 1871 the thirty-eight states of what was once the Holy Roman Empire, re-united to become what was known in the early twentieth century as simply, The German Empire, united under the rule of the German Emperor, or Kaiser. There are many factors which led to the unification of the German states; liberalism, nationalism, Otto Von Bismarck, fear of ‘another Napoleon’, the Prussian King William I, and