This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Unification Of Germany Was Achieved Through A Policy Of "Blood And Iron". How Did Bismarck Go About Unifying The German States?

1081 words - 4 pages

When Bismarck was appointed Prussian chancellor in 1862 by King Wilhelm IV, The democratic attempt of unifying Germany had failed and there was widespread sentiment among the Germans in favour of unification. There were a number of obstacles in Prussia's way of unifying Germany. Among them were foreign powers' interests in Germany, In other words, In order for Bismarck to unify Germany he had to eliminate all the other powers that posed a threat to German unification. Since the political approach had failed, Bismarck adopted a policy of "blood and Iron" for his plans of unifying Germany. Bismarck was a cunning politician who always made the other side seem the aggressor and in this way always appeared the victim. By manipulating political situations, Bismarck succeeded in going to war, and defeating, all the counties that stood the way of a united Germany under Prussian rule.Bismarck's first step was to gain as much support and trust of other countries before trying to eliminate the big threats e.g. France. In 1863 Bismarck saw an opportunity to gain Russia's friendship. The Polish were revolting against Russia and Bismarck promised the Tsar his support and massed troops on the frontier to prevent the Polish from crossing it, Thus helping Russia and gaining her support for future wars.The next step was manipulating a situation in Denmark to eventually eliminate Austria.The Danish king, Frederick VII tried to, against the congress of Vienna, incorporate Schleswig and Holstein into Denmark. He did not succeed and The Salic law of succession was passed. After Frederick VII, Christian IX came to power and he also tried to take over these countries, this time succeeding. Now Bismarck saw an opportunity, he appealed to Austria to help Prussia to Drive the Danes out of Schleswig and Holstein, the reason for this he said was that Denmark was going against the Salic law of Succession. Austria agreed and the Danes were easily defeated. After this the convention of Gastein was held in 1865. It was decided that Holstein would go to Austria and Prussia would get Schleswig.Now the next phase in Bismarck's plan was to get Austria to declare war on Prussia, He accused Austria of maladministration in Holstein and thus provoking her, Bismarck said that what Austria did was against the convention of Gastein. Prussian troops invaded Holstein and threatened a war. Prussia then produced a new draft for a new federation that would exclude Austria. When it was rejected Prussia declared that the confederation must dissolve and Austria saw this as a tantamount to a declaration of war. Austria thus declared war on Prussia.The Austrian army was easily defeated in the 7 week war at Sadowa.The Treaty of Prague was signed and Austria had to surrender Vienna to Italy and pay a small amount for indemnity to Prussia.Prussia spared Austria the humiliation of making a grand entry into Vienna, because Bismarck did not want to have the Austrians totally against him in the future....

Find Another Essay On The unification of Germany was achieved through a policy of "Blood and Iron". How did Bismarck go about unifying the German states?

The Process of the Unification and Founding of the German Empire in a European Context: Otto Von Bismarck

2316 words - 9 pages of the Zollverein therefore the Norddeutscher Bund had links to the southern states which would be beneficial in unifying Germany. In 1867 France was focussed on occupying Luxembourg and had an arrangement with the Netherlands. This arrangement stated that if Prussia agreed to Luxembourg being bought by France then the Dutch King would sell it to them. However Bismarck was unwilling to agree. Napoleon III did not start war, knowing his army was

5(b): How far were the roles of Bismarck and Cavour decisive in the unification of Germany and Italy?

2071 words - 8 pages the Soviet state was the living embodiment of these beliefs. There are alsothose who see that the Soviet state was something quite different from what Marx and indeedLenin had intended it to be. To find out whether the Soviet state defied Marxist theory or not,is hardly a simple task of comparing the elements of the Soviet state with that of an idealMarxist state. One must look at how the regime arose, and in what circumstances, howpopular it was

Compare and Contrast the Unification of Germany, Italy, and the United States

2967 words - 12 pages practiced Realpolitik, which was an opportunistic and pragmatic approach to politics. He always insisted on the importance of power: unification would not come about through speeches and declarations but by "iron and blood." The outcome of the Prussian war against Austria and its South German allies came as a bad surprise mainly to France. For centuries French policy-makers had aimed to keep Germany divided and weak; suddenly a strong German power had

How did Leni Riefenstahl contribute to the values and culture of Nazi Germany? Was Leni Riefenstahl a Nazi?

1894 words - 8 pages of her films on Germany. On a basic level, Riefenstahl's films for Hitler promoted (albeit subtly) "the most evil regime in human history" VI - as American Joseph Farah writes in his article. She did this through consistent and accurate documentaries about the Nazi Party. Therefore, her impact on Nazi Germany was huge, but also legal, moral and clever.This is a truth that is often forgotten, and is highlighted in Joseph Farah's consistent

Why did the United States adopt a policy of containment?

1825 words - 7 pages continue to implement the policy until the end of the Cold War.To conclude, the United States adopted the policy of containment due to escalating fears over the expansionist foreign policy of the Soviet Union. The U.S. believed that Stalin was attempting to create a worldwide communist regime with Moscow as its capital. The soviet intension over the future of Poland and Germany led the US to introduce the containment policy, firstly through the Truman

How did the Prohibition Change the United States of America (USA)? And why was it a failure?

1507 words - 6 pages people to break the law and increased the amount of liquor that was consumed nationwide. Overall this law was a failure because a law can not be enforced on a democratic society with out the support of a majority. The effect of this mistake (prohibition) lingered on American (USA) society for many years to follow.Before the Prohibition the people of the United States of America had high moral standards, were more conservative and in many ways

Otto von Bismarck's foreign policy genius after the unification of Germany

767 words - 3 pages Through the political brilliance of Otto von Bismarck Germany was able to unify, in 1871, as well as become a major European power. After the unification, he served for nineteen years, as the first Chancellor of Germany. During his reign, he put together a masterful foreign policy plan, which preserved peace in Europe for almost two decades.During his nineteen year reign as Chancellor of Germany, Bismarck had unbridled access to the foreign

"Nationalism was probably the most important cause of unification". Discuss with reference to Germany

843 words - 3 pages Austria wanted Germany weak and divided and all the states who desired to have a political unity would turn to Prussia, hence increasing the power of Prussia. In this sense, Bismarck and his policy caused the unification process in Germany. The last contributing cause to the unification of Germany is the Economic unity and the Zollverein. The Zollverein gave the German states a sense of unity under Prussia because of the economic unity it managed

" German nationalism was responsible for German unification"

1331 words - 5 pages . He did not even want to." As well as that the empire he created was not even a German empire, as Bismarck had never intended for it to be a German empire.The progression that led to the unification of the German states began long before the arrival of Bismarck. This process started during the Napoleonic wars. Napoleon unwittingly sparked a feeling of nationalism throughout Europe. He had not only united the people of Germany and Italy. German

How did the Good Neighbor Policy affect relations between the United States and Panama in the context of the Panama Canal?

1579 words - 6 pages assessment and was therefore pivotal in the investigation. While information was offered about almost all aspects of the country from the 14th century to today, there was a good deal of information dealing with both the Panama Canal and how changes in policy were reflected in its management. It offered a factual, historically verifiable background with some analysis as to why certain events were important. The document is worded in a manner that is

To what Extent Did German Foreign Policy Become More Openly Nazi Rather than Purely Nationalist in the Course of 1938?

809 words - 3 pages that Germany must prepare for a general European war with Britain France and the USSR, something that they specifically wanted to avoid. This is the first part of the turning point when German foreign policy becomes more openly Nazi.The next extremely Nazi step was the purge of the foreign office by Hitler, obviously something the conservative nationalist government would not ever have done. Hitler replaced Neurath with Ribbentrop as foreign

Similar Essays

Was Bismarck The Key Figure In The Unification Of German?

1483 words - 6 pages economic power increased and as Austria was not a member, her power and influence over the German states weakened. The German historian, Bohme, believes that whether Bismarck had been there or not, the Zollverein would have united Germany anyway. He stated that Germany was united by "coal and iron" and not by "blood and iron"6. It can therefore be seen that the Zollverein was a very important factor in uniting Germany. In addition, the

Blood And Iron The Main Factors In The Unification Of Germany

2033 words - 8 pages been available and it also created a great sense of nationalism within the states, permitting success in war. Through war Bismarck was able to unite Germany politically under Prussia as well. War with Austria was necessary as Bismarck needed to show that she was weak and should not be supported, so unity under Prussia would be achieved. Solely 'coal and iron' did not succeed in unification but with the help of Bismarck and 'blood and iron' this was possible.

Coal And Iron And The Unification Of Germany In 1871

1803 words - 7 pages Germany by ‘blood and iron.’ This process was undoubtedly assisted by the skilful negotiation and opportunism of Bismarck. The longer-term factors – the economic and industrial factors – enabled the shorter-term reasons for unification to occur. Without a strong financial backdrop, Prussia would not have had such a powerful and efficient army, which was clearly important in the unification of Germany. It was ‘iron and coal’ that enabled the new German Reich to be proclaimed in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles on 18th June 1871.

To What Extent Was Bismarck Responsible For The Unification Of Germany?

1740 words - 7 pages importance of Bismarck's previous political experience in the unification of Germany.The political cleverness displayed by Bismarck and his sense of opportunism was valuable to him in his role of unifying Germany. He demonstrated this when he took the initiative in declaring war against Denmark and persuading Austria to follow on. Denmark was defeated and Prussia was given full credit by the German states for taking the lead. The settlement