This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The United Kingdom Prison Service Essay

1743 words - 7 pages

This paper has analysed the efficiency and effectiveness of the PFIs in relation to Alticourse. Alticourse represents one of the earliest prisons to be privatized in the UK, making it a better case for analysis. From the case analysis, the paper has established that PFPs are so far a major success in relation to PFI system. Private security companies provide efficient services compared to public prisons. Moreover, they outperform the public prisons in terms of quality and cost, saving the taxpayers a lot of money. The increasing prison population demands for the establishment of more PFPs, which calls for the government to invest in PFIs. Meanwhile, there are several demerits linked to the ...view middle of the document...

The success of PFIs prompted the government to attempt the ‘market test’ protocol. However, the procedure of transferring public prisons to private initiatives through this protocol delayed until 2011 (Barlow, Roehrich, and Wright 149).
In 2011, Birmingham Prison was established through the ‘market test’ protocol. At the end of the contract, the privately operated prisons are subjected to re-competition where the public sector bids for their consideration. The private prisons are operated within government-set standards. Consequently, the private firms may be penalized for either performing poorly, or violating the provisions of the contract. In each privately operated prison, there are permanent government monitors that ensure the facility is well managed and the prisoners are treated in accordance with the law. Additionally, the HM Chief Inspector is mandated to inspect private prisons in the same way as public ones. Up to date, there are 16 officially contracted private prisons in the United Kingdom (Hodge, Graeme, and Greve 10).
These prisons have the capability to house around 13,500 inmates, which is estimated to be 11% of the whole prison population in the country. The major private security companies that run prisons in the UK include G4S Justice Services, Serco, and Sodexo Justice Services (formerly Kalyx). There is an ongoing competition to operate a total of 9 prisons in Wales and England. The results of the initial stage of the process were released in November 2012. They showed that the government still controls three prisons, including Wolds, which is currently under the management of G4S. The remaining five prisons will be subject to further competition by the private sector companies, which include Sodexo, Serco, and MTC/Amey (a new company). Moreover, government officials, including ministers, have proposed to contract out functions of the public prisons to private companies except the core custodial requirements (Morrison et al. 26).
They aim at saving more than 450 million sterling pounds in the next six years. The loss of the Wolds Prison back to the public sector and the failure to win any new contracts by G4S is linked to the company’s incompetence in providing security for the 2012 Olympics. The controversies concerning the competence of private companies in the management of prisons are largely linked to the failures of G4S. For instance, after the establishment of the HMP Ashfield in 1999 for housing young inmates, the prison experienced continuous riots. It portrayed the poor state of management in the prison, which sparked public mitigations over the competence of PFPs. The conditions deteriorated over the years, which forced the Youth Justice Board (YJB) in 2003 to remove prisoners from the facility. Additionally, the YJB threatened to recommend for the transfer of the facility back to the public sector. However, the conditions gradually improved and the prison remained under private management.
In summary, the move...

Find Another Essay On The United Kingdom Prison Service

The Welfare State in the United Kingdom

1960 words - 8 pages community. As stated at the outset, the basic objectives of the welfare state is the eradication of want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. Has this been achieved? 1. Unemployment benefits, child and family allowances and National Assistance payments have helped prevent widespread poverty in the United Kingdom. (1995: 32% of the UK revenue is spent on social security benefits) 2. The National Health Service provides hospitals, clinics and

The 'Fear Years' in the United Kingdom

2565 words - 11 pages governments frequently use punitive policies as a device for confronting the feelings of anxiety and fear brought about by high levels of crime. 2.2 Simon’s Fear Years In his piece Gimme Shelter Jonathan Simon spoke of the ‘fear years’ of the 1970s in the United States, particularly California. The reason for Simon focusing on the 1970s in particular is due to this decade being marred with numerous chilling cases of murder. As Simon puts it

The tax system in the United Kingdom

1166 words - 5 pages The government of the United Kingdom, likewise the government of many other countries, raises money to spend on public services towards the tax system. The taxes are raised by two different levels of government, the HMRC, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, and the local governments, as Barnet, Islington, Camden, Haringey, among others twenty nine local authorities in London, for instance. While the HMRC deduces taxes through Income tax, National

The United Kingdom in the European Union

1844 words - 7 pages In joining the European Union, the United Kingdom has been affected in many different ways. We have had the advantages and the disadvantages, the benefits and the costs. Advantages to the EU cover many fields; there is greater specialisation and economies of scale, for example the more efficient a firm is in producing their product then the bigger the scale of production leading to higher capital for them and also leading to lower

United kingdom facts on the UK

1857 words - 7 pages United Kingdom to dominate international trade in the 19th century. However, as other nations industrialized and surplus labor from agriculture began to dry up, the United Kingdom began to lose its economic advantage. As a result, heavy industry declined, by degrees, throughout the 20th century. The British service sector, however, has grown substantially, and now makes up about 73% of GDP. The service sector of the United Kingdom is dominated by

Healthcare in the United Kingdom & US

2134 words - 9 pages Healthcare in the United Kingdom & US The United Kingdom Consists of Northern Ireland, Scotland, England, and Wales and the capital is London. It is culturally diverse and struggles with the same issues as the United States does with multiculturalism. The United Kingdom functions as a Parliament system and their healthcare system is supported by central taxation and some funding by private grants and charities. Whereas, the United States

Comparing the United Kingdom and Brazil

1276 words - 5 pages IntroductionBritain and Brazil are two very different countries, though similar in many ways - the size, location and population affects a lot of the statistics and indicators that would show an MEDC or LEDC country. Over the following paragraphs I will expand upon this, evaluating each country in each of it's indicators and drawing to a conclusion at the end of each country.United KingdomThe United Kingdom used to be the dominant maritime

Legal Drinking Age in the United Kingdom

1367 words - 6 pages The United Kingdom is known for its high volume of alcoholics. It only makes sense that if the adults are drinking, then the teenagers are drinking too. The country has been allowing the young kids to drink since they were five, in private areas, and sixteen in a public place. Although the law has been approved before, some people think that it should not be legal for such young children to drink. The legal drinking age should be at least 18

19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom

2345 words - 9 pages 19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom Professor comments: In this paper, the student synthesizes several sources about nineteenth-century medicine and medical education into a focused and coherent essay that provides information about aspects of this topic especially relevant to understanding Lydgate's position in Middlemarch: the differences among physicians, apothecaries, and surgeons, both in terms of training and duties on the

Pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom

1016 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTION Pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom The pharmaceutical industry in the United Kingdom directly employs around 72,000 people and in 2010 contributed £8.4 billion to the UK's GDP and invested a total of £3.9 billion in research and development. In 2007 exports of pharmaceutical products from the UK totalled £14.6 billion, creating a trade surplus in pharmaceutical products of £4.3 billion. The UK is home to GlaxoSmithKline

Voting Behavior in the United Kingdom

1528 words - 6 pages Voting Behavior in the United Kingdom When voting, people are usually going to vote for their own personal well-being. Although voters may agree that there should be improved services for everyone, when it comes to voting, it is likely they will vote for what is best for them personally I.e. lower tax. This is known as issue voting. E.g. whether a candidate will support a ban on fox hunting. It is agreed that issues do

Similar Essays

Germany And The United Kingdom Essay

1683 words - 7 pages Germany and the United Kingdom All countries in our world share many similarities and differences. This allows each country to learn from one another’s failures and successes. Two of the countries that have similar and different ways that they run their country is Germany and the United Kingdom. These countries each have their own style of how they choose to run their countries. Both Germany and the United Kingdom are democracies in the world

Studiying In The United Kingdom Essay

2532 words - 11 pages one reason of my rejection to study in the Ukraine: My dream to study mechanical engineering in the United Kingdom, in the land of progress, in the manufacturing engine of the world. Nowadays, there is a wide diversity courses in engineering (from bioengineering to chemical engineering), as in many parts of our life we need engineering. I chose mechanical engineering because I find it very interesting and important to create different kinds

The United Kingdom Public Law Essay

1170 words - 5 pages The United Kingdom Public Law Author’s name: Institution’s name: United Kingdom Public Law Public law is the section of law that governs the relationship between individuals and the government and other relationships between individuals, which directly concern the society. It comprises of constitutional law, tax law, criminal law and administrative law. In public law, compulsory rules prevail. Freedom of speech is the notion of

The United Kingdom Beverage Market Essay

1819 words - 7 pages The United Kingdom Beverage Market INTRODUCTION Armstrong Corporation is a food products manufacturing company, with products which include ready-to-eat cereals, frozen pies, snack items and carbonated beverages. Funky-Cola is the flagship brand of the carbonated beverage division. Our company has decided to introduce Funky-Cola to the United Kingdom beverage market. In this paper, the market potential and opportunities of the country would