The United Nations
All over the world, soldiers in the UN’s blue helmets or hats have risked their lives trying to stop wars. In 1988 they received one of the worlds highest honors, the Nobel Peace Prize. Canadians were proud, because their soldiers and aircrew had shared in almost every UN peacekeeping mission since 1948.
The United Nations is an international organization that consists of
184 nations. They have joined together to prevent war, promote peace security and social progress, and also to develop friendly relations among nations around the world.
The UN has many different agencies and programs. One of the most important is UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) because they help in the fight against child starvation and malnutrition. This is important because one in three deaths in the world is the death of a child under the age of five.
UNICEF was created by the United Nations General Assembly in 1946 to help children. After World War II in Europe, UNICEF was first known as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations. Its task is to help children living in poverty in developing countries. Its name was shortened to the United Nations Children's Fund, but it kept the name "UNICEF," by which it is known to this day.
UNICEF helps children get the care they need in the early years of life and helps families to educate girls and boys. It try’s to reduce childhood death and illness and to protect children in the middle of war or a natural disaster. UNICEF supports young people, wherever they are, in making decisions about their own lives, and try’s to build a world in which all children live with dignity and security.
UNICEF's main body of 36 nations, representing all regions of the world, establishes policies, reviews programs and approves budgets for the organization. Headquartered in New York, UNICEF carries out its work through seven regional offices and 126 country offices covering more than 160 countries.
The 37 National Committees for UNICEF are private, not-profit organizations, mostly in developed countries, that support UNICEF programs. Large networks of volunteers help the Committees raise funds, sell the well-known UNICEF greeting cards and carry out other activities, such as the "Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF" program. These efforts help generate a deeper understanding of the rights and needs of children everywhere and provide ways for young people as well as adults to change the world for children.
The UNICEF mission statement:
“UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and strives to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and...