The United Nations Essay

917 words - 4 pages

The United NationsWhat is it?The United Nations is an international organisation of 191 nations/states that aims to keep peace throughout the world and provide humanitarian assistance. 51 countries first developed the United Nations.When and how was it produced?The United Nations officially came into existence on October 24, 1945 after World War II. The representatives of 51 countries at the United Nations Conference drew up the United Nations Charter on International Organization. According to the Charter the responsibilities of the members of the United Nations are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations and promote social progress, better living standards and human rights.What does it do and what are it's strengths and weaknesses:The United Nations is not a world government or an international police force and it does not have the capacity to impose peace by force. The United Nations relies on the power of persuasion and moral authority.The pursuit of human rights was one of the central reasons for creating the United Nations.A weakness of the United Nations is that it is not an independent organisation; it is made up of states, so actions by the UN depend on the will of Member States, to accept, fund or carry them out. It requires a complex process of consensus building that must take into account national sovereignty as well as global needs.The United Nations has been holding conferences since the 1960s. United Nations conferences are places in which non-governmental organisations can voice their concerns. At these conferences they discuss national and international policy regarding issues such as the environment, poverty, human rights and economic development. Perhaps another weakness of the United Nations is that once the international agreements produced by these conferences are signed, it is still up to each individual country to carry them out.What does it consist of?The United Nations is composed of six major parts:The general assembly is similar to a parliament of nations. All member states are represented in it; each receives only one vote. All of the world's most pressing problems are addressed here. Decisions are carried on a majority vote.The Security Council is primarily responsible for maintaining international peace and security. It can be assembled at any time when peace is threatened.The International Court of Justice is the main judicial program of the United Nations. Its principal task is to decide in accordance with international law cases submitted to it by states and to give advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to it by the General Assembly or Security Council. It also deals with crime against international law.The United Nations trusteeship council was established to help ensure that non-self-governing territories were administered in the best interests of the inhabitants and of international peace and security. It no longer meets because there is no purpose to...

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