This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The United Nations’ Involvement In Bosnia

2332 words - 10 pages

The formation of the United Nations in 1945 marked a monumental success in the international political realm. It was founded to foster relations with its member and non-member states, encourage the respect of human rights, and fight to solve social, economic, and humanitarian issues. However, of all of these motives, its foundation was based primarily on creating peace and preventing conflict between members. The idea of collective security in the UN has become the heart of peace keeping within the union and all members vow to preserve peace and eliminate identified aggressors. Chapter VII of the UN charter is the impetus behind collective security and provides the legal foundation for the ...view middle of the document...

Each Republic functioned with its own division of the Communist Party while federal government existed to resolve any multi-republic issues. In addition to the six republics, two sovereign provinces, Kosovo and Vojvodina, were also established within Serbia. The Republic of Yugoslavia blossomed for years and saw stable economic growth and prosperity. However, after the death of Yugoslav President Joseph Broz Tito in 1980, a wave of nationalism swept through the Republics as the economic came to a halt and political challenges crumbled the federal government.
The 1981 Kosovo Albanian protests fused the political uneasiness fueled by growing nationalism with the rising ethnic tensions. The Albanians wished for the province of Kosovo to be recognized, as an established Republic of Yugoslavia and not a province of Serbia, whom thought of this as a ridiculous demand, as it could lead be the foundation for a “Greater Albania.” The protests rapidly escalated and became increasingly widespread and violent. The federal government’s harsh handling fueled the discontent of the Albanians and intensified the situation. This began a mass exodus of Serbs across the Republic of Yugoslavia, who were discriminated against and all together unprotected by the Kosovo government. The federal government, unable to cope with these burdens, began to weaken, which would soon led to its collapse and the dissolution of Yugoslavia as a whole.
In 1987, Serbia saw the rise of a new leader, Slobodan Milošević, who emerged as a savior after pledging his support to Serbians in Kosovo. Milošević preached the Albanian government of Kosovo was oppressing his people and he aggressively challenged the authorities who were violating the rights of the Serbs. This began a campaign of separatism. The events to follow would be seen by Milošević as the perfect opportunities to fulfill his vision of a “Greater Serbia.”
In 1991, Yugoslavia could not longer maintain stability and its inevitable collapse began. On June 25, both Slovenia and Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia, sparking conflict in both regions. Acting under Chapter VIII of the UN charter, diplomatic efforts were exhausted via sanctions and cease-fire agreements to try and peacefully resolve the dispute. However, the cease-fire agreements were regularly broken and the arms embargo employed on Bosnia seemed to only harm the victims and not the aggressive Serbs. The UN’s insertion of peacekeeping operation UNPROFOR developed from what started out as run of the mill conflict resolution tactics and would eventually graduate to a very series and complex peace enforcement campaign years later.
During this time in Bosnia, three main ethnic groups formed the population; Muslim Bosniaks made up 44 percent of the population, Orthothdox Christian Serbs made up 31 percent, and Catholic Croats comprised the last 17 percent. Serb nationalists living in Bosnia however, were vehemently opposed to the country’s independence and wished create a...

Find Another Essay On The United Nations’ Involvement in Bosnia

The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone

2612 words - 10 pages were brutally murdered, tens of thousands of men, women and children are limbless and a further two million people are displaced. This was brought to the concern of the United Nations Security Council, who took measures to intervention measures. However it is evident that the United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone and the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone both were successful in keeping the peace on a community basis through effective

The United Nations Essay

1407 words - 6 pages hopes, the many frustrations on the ground and the sometimes bitter disappointments in the end”(Thakur 43). Even though the United Nations has its great deal of power and impact in the world, it is not always successful to achieving the peace for everyone. Take for example the 1995 Bosnian Massacre, also known as the Srebrenican Massacre, totaled to more than 8,000 deaths of mainly men and young boys. Srebrenica is a city in Bosnia that was

The United Nations

917 words - 4 pages must take into account national sovereignty as well as global needs.The United Nations has been holding conferences since the 1960s. United Nations conferences are places in which non-governmental organisations can voice their concerns. At these conferences they discuss national and international policy regarding issues such as the environment, poverty, human rights and economic development. Perhaps another weakness of the United Nations is that

The United Nations

2839 words - 11 pages not just through the United Nations but also through organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Canada has a long and proud history in United Nations peace support operations and has participated in most UN missions since the start of peacekeeping in 1948. In addition to Canadian involvement in UN peace support operations, about 2,305 Canadian Forces personnel are participating in other operations.   &nbsp

The United Nations

4087 words - 16 pages The United Nations The United Nations is an organization of sovereign nations not a world government. It provides the machinery to help find solutions to disputes or problems, and to deal with virtually any matter of concern to humanity. It does not legislate like a national parliament. But in the meeting rooms and corridors of the UN, representatives of almost all countries of the world large and small, rich and poor, with varying

The United Nations

1660 words - 7 pages reasonable to suggest a review of our international financial obligations as a member of the United Nations? Or could a percentage of the $25 billion spent in defence be diverted nationally rather than internationally, it is worth considering. Some would agree with the expression that charity begins at home whilst others would disagree stating that a reduction in our international financial commitments may have a negative effect on our status as a

The Bosnia Crisis in 1908

514 words - 2 pages Due to the huge explosion of tension all over Europe in 1908, some countries began to take power. The Bosnia Crisis took place because they had sudden fears of the "Young Turks", which came with a result that Austria-Hungary has annexed Bosnia. Under the Treaty of Berlin, Austria-Hungary has the right to occupy and administer Bosnia-Herzegovina. Due to the Turkish revolution in 1908, Austria defended their country in order to prevent any kind of

Oil and Foreign Involvement in Arab Nations

1173 words - 5 pages fighting, the United States decided to send weapons to Israel, in order to oppose the Soviets. This region had many other conflicts that were deeply intertwined by other nations' support. In the first Persian Gulf War, the United States not only backed a Persian Gulf nation, but also committed troops and fought on their land. The first Persian Gulf War was the beginning of increased American support and troop involvement in the Middle East since

Reasons For The United States Involvement In The Vietnam War

1100 words - 4 pages The United States became increasingly involved with the War in Vietnam mostly thanks to their enmity with Russia due to the fact they were Communist, and how the USSR spread claiming countries that could’ve been turned democratic and become trading partners of the US. While Russia, Britain and the USA were all allies in WW1, they disagreed on many things, especially on how Germany should be punished and how should Europe be handled. THE USSR

United States' Involvement in Vietnam

3671 words - 15 pages United States' Involvement in Vietnam In World War Two, Japan captured Vietnam, situated in South-East Asia, and part of the old French colony Indo-China, from the French. When they did the Vietminh, a Vietnamese resistance organisation, led by Ho Chi Minh was formed to fight against the Japanese. At the end of the Second World War Ho Chi Minh, who was a Communist, announced the formation of the Democratic Republic of

The United States' Involvement in Afghanistan: Education is Necessary

1759 words - 7 pages The United States involvement in Afghanistan has caused a great deal of money, debate, fear, death and so on. But even through this, we have not done what should be done. What the United States needs to do is build, protect and support schools and education in Afghanistan. The arguments against this are numerous, but the main two are: it would cost too much, and it would not be successful because the Taliban or al-Qaeda would burn or close the

Similar Essays

Formation Of United Nations And Canada's Involvement

879 words - 4 pages reorganization of the national security system.Canada has been an active and committed participant in the United Nations since its founding in 1945 in San Francisco, where Canada played a key role in the drafting of the Charter. Individual Canadians have played vital roles within the United Nations, and many of the Organization's great accomplishments have had a Canadian part. For example, fifty years ago John Humphrey was the main author of the

United States' Involvement In The Vietnam War

1173 words - 5 pages United States' Involvement in the Vietnam War There are many reasons for American intervention in Vietnam whether it is political causes, economic causes or military causes. The Americans want to secure capitalism all over the world and get rid of communism. The French used to run Vietnam in a capitalist manner. After the Second World War France attempted to secure and control Vietnam once more. France refused to

The United States' Involvement In Vietnam

1878 words - 8 pages The United States' Involvement in Vietnam Vietnam is a country in South-East Asia and was a part of the old French colony known as Indo-China. During the Second World War Vietnam was captured by the Japanese from the French and a Vietnamese resistance organisation was formed, they were called the Vietminh. The leader was Ho Chi Minh who was a devout communist. After the Second World War had ended, France was part of the

Canada Role In The United Nations

1880 words - 8 pages Untitled Canada Role In The United Nations Canada is one of the most significant members of the United Nations. Canada plays a big role as UN member in peacekeeping missions like the Suez Crisis and Haiti but also had its failure with other UN members in missions like the Rwanda Genocide and the War-torn Bosnia. Overall Canada is still one of the most important and leading countries of the United Nations but exactly how