From when World War II ended in 1945, all the way up to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Cold War was the center of attention of international affairs. It was a struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union. From an American view the Cold War was a mostly a war on communism. The US caused and maintained the Cold War, the US is to blame for the Cold War for disparish of the communist Soviet Union in support of the political and economic systems.
At the end of WWII, the Soviet Union had sustained tremendous casualties and the country was almost destroyed. In order for Russia to be able to protect itself in the future, it would need to be surrounded by countries that would be loyal to Soviet Russia. The countries would serve as a buffer zone to stop possible future invading armies. The Soviet takeover of Poland was a defensive tactic to protect Russia, not to try and convert Europe to communism like America assumed.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was made right after World War II ended. All the while many numbers of Soviet troops remained in Eastern Europe. Governments set up by these forces were pro-communist, are called the Warsaw Pact countries. Besides the USSR, these countries include Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania. Western nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. The member nations agreed that an attack on any one of them would be considered an attack against all of them. NATO was another event that triggered Stalin’s power and it was seen as a defensive tactic against USSR which caused tensions to rise.
The UN efficient action was in fact stymied by superpower conflict that was based on both geopolitical and ideological factors. This led to many other wars which were often even prolonged by superpower divisions. Rather than acting as a collective security system, the SC mostly remained divided throughout the Cold War. In many people’s perspectives, ‘Divided States’ may have indeed been a more accurate term than ‘United Nations’. Yet, the UN was not a complete disaster, although the Cold War world was better off with than without it. Some improvements towards peace keeping were made, by simply providing a peaceful base for global discussion. Throughout the Cold War, the value of the UN changed into focusing more on aspects like human rights and self-determination. Maintaining global peace and security has so far proved impossible; yet progressively made steps into making this world a better place.
In a conference at Yalta, Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt agreed on terms of how Europe was going to be governed, there would be free elections throughout Europe and the Soviets would have control over some of E. Europe. The Soviet Union was not permitted the right to rule any new countries as they wanted. They didn’t want there to be any free elections, because they might throw away the power of Russia there. Although Stalin did not allow completely free elections in the European...