The United States Being Born Essay

1263 words - 5 pages

In social studies we have recently learned about the American Revolutionary War. The war was fought for self-government. The colonies wanted independence from Great Britain. The colonists also didn't want to pay the taxes, becauset the money went to suport only the British armies. Most of the colonies didn't depend on the British for help anyway, and their ruler was over 5,000 miles away. So the colonists decided to fight for their freedom, land ownership, and a new government. The first battle of the American Revolutionary War took place in Lexington. The British commander General Thomas Gage received orders to strike a blow at the Americans. He found the whereabouts of the patriots and sent 700 men, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith to seize them at Lexington, then destroy the patriots in Concord and take the supplies that laid there. But the Boston silversmith, Paul Revere heard thier plans and rode the 20 miles to Lexington, that night to wanr the patriots' leaders and everyone else along the way, that the British or rather the "redcoats" were coming. When the British troops arrived on April 19, 1775, in Lexington they started to advance and form a battle line, but the American militia leader, Captain John Parker didn't want to fight. Suddenly a shot rang out, no one knows if it was on the British side or the American side, but it started the American Revolutionary War. That first shot was named "Shot heard 'round the world." After some men got wounded and hurt, the British troops marched to Concord, and burned the few supplies the Americans had left there. (On Paul Revere's warning, the Americans moved the supplies to a different location.) But on the way back to Boston, the British faced yet another army to fight. They lost, and retreated to Boston. While Gage was trying to regroup his troops, Massachusetts sent a Connecticut officer, Benedict Arnold to aid the colonies. On his way, he took along Ethan Allen and the "Green Mountain Boys," and cut across the mountains to the undefended Fort Ticonderoga, and captured it. They then made their way to Massachesetts. At the same time the Continental Congress were looking for a leader to command an army to fight the British, and while they did this, the American patriots were making plans to put forts on Bunker Hill, on the peninsula across the harbon from Boston. But instead, on June 16th, they worked all night and made a fort on Breed's Hill. On June 17th, 1775, Gage sent 2,500 troops up the hill, and the American leader, Colonel William Prescott, ordered his men not to shoot until they saw the whites of their enemies eyes. It took the British three times to go up the hill before capturing it. The Americans lost 400 men, but the British lost more than 1,000. This battle was remembered as Bunker Hill. Back in Philidelphia, the Continental Congress was still looking for a man to command the Continental army. Finally on July 3, they appointed George...

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