As ratified in 1788, the United States Constitution created the foundation for the United States federal government. The preamble clearly states the mission of the constitutional framers: “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”(1) The founding fathers, authors of the Constitution, had experienced the injustice of tyranny and sought to establish a governmental structure that would not allow for ...view middle of the document...
The Judicial branch interprets the laws, but also has the power to declare a law, a Legislative act or a Presidential act unconstitutional. Additionally, appointed judges are free from controls of the Executive branch.
This system of checks and balances has worked well in the United States. There has been disagreements when vetoes have been overridden, pardons given or appointments not accepted but it is not common. One branch, or another, may be dominant for a period of time, however, the three branches has achieved the goal of allowing no one branch hold all the governmental power.
The Legislative Branch was established by Article I of the Constitution (http://www.whitehouse.gov/our-government/legislative-branch) . Also know as Congress, it consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
• Create and pass new bills and laws, or change existing laws
• Override a Presidential veto with 2/3 vote in both chambers
• Confirm or reject Presidential appointments
• Establishes the federal budget
• Declare war
• Oversight of the Executive branch
House of Representatives
• 435 Seats
• Number of seats determined by state population.
• 19 Committees - 84 sub-committees
• Members are elected every two years (unlimited number of terms upon re-election)
• Members must be at least 25 years old
• Members must be a U.S. Citizen for at least seven years
• Members must reside in the State they represent
• Leader is called Speaker of the House
• The Speaker is third in the line of succession to the President
• 100 seats at 2 seats per state
• 16 Committees and 69 sub- committees
• Senators serve 6 year terms and unlimited number of times (upon re-election)
• Senators must be at least 30 years old
• Vice President is President of Senate and has a vote in the event of a tie
• Leader = President pro tempore
• Ratifies treaties by 2/3 vote
The Executive Branch consists of the following:
The President of the United States
Powers of the President:
• Commander and Chief of the military
• Chief of State – international representative of the U.S.
• Grant pardons
• Approve measures passed by Congress
• Veto laws.
• Can call Congress into session.
• Appoint Supreme Court Justices and Ambassadors (requires Senate approval)
• has the power to negotiate treaties (requires two-thirds vote of the Senate)
• Enforces laws
• The President is the head of the Executive Branch
• President must be born in the United States
• President must be at least 35 years old
• And have lived in the U.S. at least 14 years
• 4 years terms, maximum of two term
• Can be impeached by the Legislative branch
The Vice President
• Assume the office of President if the elected President cannot
• President of the Senate
• Other duties assigned by their specific President
• Serves on the Cabinet
• Advise the President
• 15 executive departments appointed by the President and confirmed by...