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The United States Immigration Policy Essay

1503 words - 7 pages

The United States Immigration Policy has changed drastically and still continues to be reformed. The U.S. Immigration policy has majorly changed since the United States was named the nation of immigrants and this has created a major divide in our nation. The U.S has a strict immigration policy that can be very confusing but, very necessary.
The United States first collected information on the U.S population in 1805. This revealed that out of the 4.7 million population of the United States about 2.2 million people were immigrants. From 1860-1920 the U.S. had an immigration percentage that fluctuated from thirteen to fifteen percent peaking at fourteen point eight percent. In the 1930’s the ...view middle of the document...

To become a United States citizen you must first go through a Naturalization process. This process is based on a large number of things. To apply for naturalization the applicant must have been living and working in the united states for at least five years. The application cost 300 dollars, and the applicant must have no legal problems during residency. The applicant must be; fingerprinted, photographed, interviewed and tested. The test is based on U.S. History and civics as well as English language proficiency. Finally after all of the applications and requirements are full field the last requirement is for the applicant to take an oath.
Visas are given to temporary residents of a country. The visa gives the holder permission to be in a country for a short amount of time legally. The United States does not have a limit on the amount of visas they give out, as long as the person requesting the visa has immediate relatives in the U.S. and is of a certain age and financial requirements. “There are more than 20 types of visas for temporary non-immigrant workers. These include L visas for intracompany transfers, P visas for athletes, entertainers and skilled performers, R visas for religious workers, A visas for diplomatic employees, O visas for workers of extraordinary ability…”(How the United States… 2).
In 2009, the United States Census Bureau produced a 2009 American Community Survey in which numbers showed that a total of 38,517,234 or about twelve point five percent of the United States population that year were immigrants. This number has increased about one point five percent or 556,000 since 2008. In total this survey showed that about one million more immigrants immigrate to U.S. every year! In 2009 the percentage of immigrants from different countries averaged to be about fifty seven point seven percent of all of the United States population. Twenty nine point eight percent of the U.S. immigrants are Mexican immigrants, this is by far the largest percentage of immigrants from one country into the United States. The second and third largest percentages belong to The Philippines at four point five percent and India at four point three percent.
Out of the one million immigrants to the U.S roughly half of them are illegal immigrants. The INS did a report on illegal immigration titled The “Typical Illegal Alien” , in this report the number one reason for illegal immigration was an economical one. Overwhelmingly in history a major factor of immigration whether illegal or legal has been the economy. A strong economy is known as a big pull factor and the economy has always been strongly encouraged by the immigrants.
In the United State there is a negative tone towards immigration. One very valid reason is stated very clearly in the story of a Dallas man who was laid off in 2001. The man was released

from an internet technology company for cost cutting reason, but his former employer was holding foreign guest workers on the...

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