In the 1800’s America was a divided country between the north and the south. Both sides have very different views against many things but the most important thing would be the issue of black African-Americans. Although there were some people in America that tried to create a fair and of good standard life for both white and black people. There were also the other people in the white society that believed that white people are better than black people. Because of this split opinion did America really deserve the title of “the land of the free?”
We know that slavery had been a part of the American way of life for a long time, but on 4th of July 1775 the declaration of independence had being signed. The united states declaration of independence was a statement made by the congress. It announced the 13 colonies of America had won the war against great Britain and were now independently run states. However it states
“We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”
Basically the declaration says the all men are the same and have the same rights that cant be taken away. In the 17th century when slavery was introduced was a massive contradiction to such an important document of American history.
The north of America was against slavery, where as for the south it was a part of everyday life. So this mixed opinion subject lead to the American civil war. The northern states won which meant that the southern states agreed to ban slavery for good. President at the time Abraham Lincoln, approved the 13th amendment which made slavery illegal. With all this agreed it began to look like the south were in the process to try and make America more of a “land of the free.” On the other hand, Just because it looks like the African-Americans were going to be treat fairly doesn’t mean they actually were. The view of all the people in the south who agreed with slavery and that white people are superior to black people couldn’t be changed that quick. So even though Lincoln tried to create a better way of living for the black and for every man to be treat the same, it wasn’t the case.
They were other presidents and powerful people who had made more amendments. Shortly after the 13th amendment had been signed, the 14th and 15th amendments were passed. African-Americans were not always treated the same as white people were when it came to the law and judicial system. The 14th amendment meant that the all men were equal under the eyes of law. In America at this time, black Americans were not entitled to vote for there leaders in elections. This was seen as unfair, and then the 15th amendment was signed. The 15th amendment enforced that all citizens are given the right to vote, despite their race.
So you would have thought that In the south of America they eventually changed their opinion so that...