The Political Party System Essay

1733 words - 7 pages

Single-Member Plurality System
A single-member plurality system is defined as an Electoral system that allocates districts in which voters choose a representative based on the candidate with the most votes (Gateways to Democracy). A unique aspect about plurality votes is the fact that they are not necessarily majority votes, they are simply more votes than any other candidate. This single candidate will represent the entire district.
Difficulty arises when these districts are drawn in a bias form, commonly known as gerrymandering. Gerrymandering allows politicians to form districts in their favor or their parties favor. One solution to this problem that this paper will discuss is proportional representation which can alleviate the winner takes all political system which encourages gerrymandering.
In the mean time, the U.S. has a two party political system which has positive and negative attributes to it.
The Good
In a two party system there are two very strong often opposing viewpoints. When these viewpoints are so very different, often times it becomes easier to pick a side to stand on. For example, if you fundamentally believe that abortion is wrong, chances are you will fundamentally choose the political party with your same fundamental beliefs. It is also important to note that, as history will tell us, a two party system is an indiscernible amount better than a one party system, otherwise known as a dictatorship. Two-party systems also allow voters to find which party is at fault for various bad decisions made during a serving term.
The Bad
Despite having some good qualities about it, the two party system in American politics is a very poor way to represent the the american population. As stated earlier, with a two party system, most choices have a yes or no answer affiliated with them, along with a corresponding party. Unfortunately we are not computers and we do not work in a binary fashion. Life has grey areas far beyond the binary 1’s and 0’s of the two party political system.
This two-party system severely limits voter choice when trying to pick the “right” candidate. Picking someone who fits some of your needs but not all of them is common American voting practice, year after year. Oftentimes the phrase: Pick the lesser of two evil’s is used. Is this really the only option American have? Unless radical political reform were to happen, the answer is yes. Duopolies have the financial backing of major companies, political action committees (PACs) and others supporting their cause and suppressing others. The entire reason behind PACs is to raise money for the electoral candidates. Money from PACs is now more often used to negatively connotate the opposing candidates than to support themselves. For example Governor Romney’s PAC spend $46M opposing President Obama, compared to just $14M for supporting himself.
A major downfall seen on a daily basis in the U.S. is the seemingly growing divide between the two political parties and the...

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