The United States after dropping the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan that resulted to over two hundred thousand casualties over sixty years ago have promised not to use the same weapon again against a non-nuclear sovereign state. The fear that nuclear weapons will be used again in war culminated the establishment of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) that was originally signed by the five big nuclear states, namely United States, France, China, Russia, and United Kingdom. Today, there are 188 parties to the treaty that agreed not to develop nuclear weapons nor be a recipient of these weapons. In September 26, 2009, the President of the United States, Mr. Barack Obama addressed the United Nations and promised to negotiate with Russia for more nuclear weapons reduction, end nuclear testing, and reduce the role of nuclear weapon in the defense and security policies of the United States. The move of President Barack Obama to disarm the nuclear armament of the United States will bring economic and military stability and safety to the American people and the whole world.
Some writers believe that delegitimizing the use of nuclear weapon will make the world less-safer to live and will create job losses. Another writer thinks maintaining a current status of the nuclear states and incorporating weapons of mass destruction in the non-proliferation treaty will serve as deterrence and promote security among all nations. Other writers believe the abolition of nuclear weapon will make the world a better place to live, promote global development and prosperity.
The fact that the world is living with a bomb, Graham Allison made it clear that “the most urgent unmet national security threat to the United States today is the danger that weapons of mass destruction or weapons-usable material in Russia could be stolen, sold to terrorists or hostile nation and used against American troops abroad or citizens at home” justifies the use of nuclear weapon due to the imminent fear and threat in the war on terrorism (3). For instance, the 9/11 attack on American soil by the Al Quedas, which killed over 3,000 just proved it is possible for them to acquire unnoticed nuclear weapons and use these against the Americans. The cold war between the United States and Russia is over. The negotiation, construction of new security programs on nuclear arms control, and upgrade to the NPT, which must include acquisition of nuclear weapons by terrorist groups, is a better strategy than dismantling the entire nuclear armaments of the United States in order to prevent the imminent danger that could bring World War III.
Eugene Kogan said that the United States has failed to make a critical decision when it created the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) in 2003, which is under the leadership of then President George Bush together with other 10-nation. The purpose of this body is to intercept the counter proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to a state...