This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Universe In A Cultural Context By Gumerman And Warburton

1591 words - 6 pages

In the Essay written by Gumerman, George J. and Warburton, Miranda 'The Universe in a

Cultural Context: An Essay', in Fountain, John W. and Sinclair, Rolf M (eds.) Current

Studies in Archaeastronomy : Conversations Across Time and Space, Durham NC.; Carolina

Academic Press 2005 pp 15-24, the authors Gumerman and Warburton have presented a

paper promoting the value of Archaeoastronomical studies being integrated into the disciplines

of Archaeology and Anthropology and explore the failure to utilize the results of mutual research

to further advance the integration of the disciplines.

The authors discuss the difficulties encountered in the integration of archaeoastronomy into

archaeology and anthropological cultural studies and in particular, explore the notion of re

framing the questions asked by these disciplines of their data collection. The paper, by their

own admission, was aimed at the already converted so it would be difficult to disagree with

their premise but by the same token, the essay would carry more weight if it were to be

supported by examples of successes in the merging of these disciplines. The authors did

state, however, they had left out examples of archaeoastronomical contributions since further

reading of the volume would include them.

The authors introduce the concept of “culture as a system”----the interaction of detailed

subsystems. Is, indeed cosmology “writ large” [1] in our material records? From the text the

reader is invited to conclude that a defining example of how “culture as a system” works is the

October 4th celebration at Magdalena de Kino (Mexico/US border).

[1] Gumerman, George J. and Warburton, Miranda 'The Universe in a
Cultural Context: An Essay', in Fountain, John W. and Sinclair, Rolf M (eds.) Current
Studies in Archaeastronomy : Conversations Across Time and Space, Durham NC. ; Carolina
Academic Press 2005 pp 15-24

page 2 of 4

But surely it cannot be possible to place this event in an archaeoastronomical context when

those groups attending (with the exception of the pilgrims) do so for, possibly,social, financial

and similar mundane compulsions. The initial motivation for the festival’s establishment would be

lost as it diversified,so perhaps a study of the pilgrims’ compulsions might have some relevance

for placing this cultural event in context? Maybe in this way the Gumerman and Warburton

“ideological subsystem” can be integrated into the whole?

American Anthropologist and Folklorist Ruth Benedict has outlined in Patterns of Culture

a need for these questions to be asked in order to understand cultural processes

"If we are interested in cultural processes, the only way in which we can know the
significance of the selected details of behaviour is against...

Find Another Essay On The Universe in a Cultural Context by Gumerman and Warburton

The Dimensions of Cultural Context Essay

1356 words - 5 pages The Dimensions of Cultural Context “The cultural context in which human communication occurs is perhaps the most defining influence on human interaction. Culture provides the overall framework in which humans learn to organize their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors in relation to their environment” (1). By going through the five dimensions of the cultural context of Brazil, a lot is revealed about the interesting culture, and gives a

Write a detailed analysis of a landscape painting in a British Collection. Consider your painting in its cultural context: Winter Landscape at Sunset by Aert van der Neer

2669 words - 11 pages 'Winter Landscape at Sunset' was painted by Aert van der Neer c.1650-55 and is an oil on canvas naturalistic work of size and prominence which presently hangs in the Leicester New Walk Museum. This particular work has been chosen for analysis because this busy scene of limited palette has, despite its low horizon, a high number of subjects grouped towards the centre of the image, buildings and trees at the outskirt and an active sky without

The Cultural Context of Language

1301 words - 6 pages Have you ever thought about the way in which we communicate with others? What meaning can you give a symbol, thought, word, or even a single gesture if it is unknown to you? The complexities of communicating with other cultures and people with different concepts of unknown views and symbols would be difficult to derive a meaning during the interaction. This paper will look at Zimbabwe’s cultural context defined by Edward T Hall’s context

Edgar Allan Poe and Lawful Universe in A Descent into the Maelstrom and The Masque of the Red Death Comparison

546 words - 2 pages The ways of a lawful universe are well illustrated in a metaphorical sense through controversy literature by Edgar Allen Poe. The world as an organized and orderly response to society's actions are best conveyed in two of Poe's short stories, including: "A Decent Into The Maelstrom" and "The Masque Of The Red Death."In "A Decent Into The Maelstrom," the ways of the world proved to benefit the fisherman in his efforts to not submit to his

1984 by George Orwell. This report includes a very well writen summery, context, and also a analisis of all the themes included in this book

3365 words - 13 pages Born Eric Blair in India in 1903, George Orwell was educated as a scholarship student at prestigious boarding schools in England. Because of his background--he famously described his family as "lower-upper-middle class"--he never quite fit in, and felt oppressed and outraged by the dictatorial control that the schools he attended exercised over their students' lives. After graduating from Eton, Orwell decided to forego college in order to work

Critical Thinking within a Cultural Context

1132 words - 5 pages “The Bathtub”, but if the film was written to take place of a real location, it could be believed to be towards the coast of Louisiana. The main characters were Hushpuppy (daughter) and Wink (father). The film told a story of a young girl who was in search of her mother, but in reality it was her journey to learn to be free and along the way, find the courage to stand up for herself against her fears, with much of that influence being taught by

Roland Barthes developed a range of semiotic tools to analyse the cultural meanings that are conveyed in advertising images, in a particular context.

2390 words - 10 pages 3. Roland Barthes developed a range of semiotic tools to analyse the cultural meanings that are conveyed in advertising images, in a particular context. Using these semiotic tools, select and analyse four magazine adverts. This essay will discuss Roland Barthes’ ideas and his semiotic tools, and will also look at how Barthes uses these tools to analyse images and how they make us think. Roland Barthes was a French philosopher who wrote many

Managing human resources in a cross cultural context: A case study of South Africa

4461 words - 18 pages Africans into three racial categories: Bantu (black African), white, or Coloured (of mixed race). A fourth category, Asian (Indians and Pakistanis), was added later. The system of apartheid was enforced by a series of laws passed in the 1950s: the Group Areas Act of 1950 assigned races to different residential and business sections in urban areas, and the Land Acts of 1954 and 1955 restricted non-white residence to specific areas. These laws further

The Background, Context, and Re-adaptation of a Famous Quote by Theodore Roosevelt

2227 words - 9 pages Theodore Roosevelt is a great president of the United States in the early 1900's who is famous for his quote “speak softly and carry a big stick, you will go far.” (Roosevelt) By this he means that in order to succeed, one need to have strength and power, and work hard for one's interest, as well as being respectful, avoiding conflict, and making peace. From his history of presidency, one can see why he said this quote-he has a history of

Intelligent Design in the Universe

10071 words - 40 pages Introduction -- What is implied by the concept of "an intelligently designed universe"?What does it mean on a grand scale to assert that the universe is the product of an intelligent designer? In a scientific age that exalts rationalism and chance, what empirical evidence could possibly support such a claim? As humans contemplating the immense complexity of the cosmos, might certain features of the universe suggest that our "home" has in fact

The Expanding and Accelerating Universe

1152 words - 5 pages force of gravity. It also led to a change in the understanding of the workings of the universe. The discovery made by the two groups of scientists working and competing with each other has greatly added to the understanding of the workings of the universe and of how it began. In 1912 the astronomer Vesto Slipher who studied the light spectrum of objects in space that first noticed the redness of other galaxies as they appeared the skies

Similar Essays

Language In A Cultural Context Essay

1237 words - 5 pages future of having a successful job; as well as minimal negatives such as diminishing a person’s cultural heritage. Another text, the omg article by Brenna Ehrlich shows off how both English and technology are intimately tied. Other sources such as Agard’s poem Listen Mr. Oxfrod Don show why English is ultimately the most used language. Bill Bryson said, “Without any doubt English is the most important language in the world, and it is not hard to find

"The Universe, And Everything" By Douglas Adams

925 words - 4 pages this by building a whole statue and then making one mistake and getting killed by Arthur Dent for the last time. It is a great example of how odd and enjoyable this book is.The theme in this story is dedication and finishing what you started. This lesson has a great effect on this book because the reason that the people of Krikkit wanted to destroy the universe was because of a super-computer. This super-computer was originally designed by a

Streets, Skyscrapers, And Slums: The City In Social, Cultural, And Historical Context

4812 words - 19 pages capitalism, a being driven by wealth and the prospects of strictly material gain. They become a product to be marketed, sold - a commodity. To put these ideas into context, consider the idea of: Hundreds of thousands of mindless, soulless entities staggering around every corner - in every direction, with no true sense, purpose, or true understanding outside of sluggish impulse and instinct. A few survivors have endured the horde; yet feel trapped with

The Cultural Context Of Rebellious Silence And Home Décor

842 words - 3 pages Rebellious Silence is a photograph by Shirin Neshat, who is also the subject. In the work, Shirin Neshat's face is covered by Islamic calligraphy and is divided (left to right) by a rifle (assumedly but not necessarily held by herself). The calligraphy covers the parts of a woman's face that one must hide in Iran's theological state. The photograph is black and white, adding to the already serious tone of the work.The first impression received