Prior to 1970 the process of how bills became laws in the United States Congress almost always followed one specific textbook path. This path was set up by the Constitution of the United States and the United States Congress continuously followed this process set by our founding fathers from the founding of the United States in 1776 until the start of 1970’s. In the 1970’s due to several different factors Congress began to stray from this textbook processes of creating laws and members of congress began to use several different techniques to block bills they saw as undesirable and to also push bills through that they supported. We can see several of these different relatively new congressional legislative techniques when analyzing the process of Bill S.365: Budget Control Act of 2011 and the the Health Care and Education Reconciliation of 2010.
2010 was an extremely active political year in the United States of America. The Tea Party Movement was on the rise, the new bill on medical care was passed, and Republicans regained control of the House of Representatives. The extremeness of the Tea Party Movement coupled with the Republicans great success in the 2010 Congress elections was a result American citizens expressing their dissatisfaction with Democratic party. The specific attack on Democrats that both the Republican Party and the Tea Party Movement most commonly used was that federal spending in the United States was creating out of control national debt. Many right winged politicians won their political offices by promising their constituents that they would reduce the budget of the federal government by reducing the budget of many federally funded organization and agencies. This political pledge by many Republican candidates combine with the Republican party gaining majority of the House of Representatives set the political stage for the federal budget crisis of 2011.
The way Congress traditionally develops tax and spending legislation is guided by a set of specific procedures laid out in the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. The main part of this Budget describes that each year Congress must set aggregate limits on spending and targets for federal revenue (http://www.cbpp.org). The process of creating the federal budget begins in February when the president submits a detailed proposition to congress on what he believes should be the federal budget for the next year. In this budget proposition the president, with the assistance of President's Office of Management and Budget (OMB), makes extremely detailed plans on how the federal budget will be spent and specifies how much money will be given to federal aid programs and government organizations. After receiving the President's budget request, Congress holds hearings to question administration officials about their requests and then develops its own budget resolution (http://www.cbpp.org). This budget is suppose to be passed by a deadline of October 1st.
The passing of a federal budget...