3. The US, a society of immigrants
For hundreds of years, America has proved itself as the most powerful country in the world, with the mythical “promised land” attracting people from all corners of the globe; therefore, it has become a society, or land, of immigrants. There are 4 remarkable influx of immigrants in the UD history.
The first flux was “first immigrants” which happened between the 1500s and the 1700s. (In the 1500s, Spanish explorers were attracted by the story of the New World’s gold and they came and settled in what is Florida now. French fur traders also wanted to seek for prospects of wealth, so they came and set up trading posts from the St. Lawrence River to the Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River). The British were the first to colonize on a large scale, with the hope of profit and religious freedom. Successful English colony founded at Jamestown, Virginia. Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, they settled permanently along the East Coast. There were also other immigrants from other nationalities: German settled in Pennsylvania, Swedes founded the colony of Delaware and the Dutch settled in New York. These immigrants wanted preserve their traditions, religion and languages. However, English-White Anglo-Saxon Protestant (WASP) was predominant in society. This made them learn English and adopt English customs to be assimilated into American society.
Between 1840 and 1880, the US received the greatest flood of immigrants: 10 million people came to America, making its population larger than any single European country. By 1860, it was calculated that 13 of every 100 persons in the US were recent immigrants. In the...