America’s transformation into the country we live in today has been formed through numerous events during its short history but the event that will split the United States into North versus South is truly one of the most defining events in American history. Through numerous events leading up to the start of the Civil War, I will attempt to show how the United States was destined for conflict and that the Civil War was inevitable. The first way I will show how the war could not be avoided will deal with the issue of slavery. Slavery should be the first mentioned because many conflicts within the United States leading up to the Civil War and the division of the United States dealt with slavery. The Missouri Compromise should also be talked about because this event shows how the nation was divided on the issue of slavery and how the new territories would handle the slavery issue. The third reason why the war could not be avoided was introduction of the Tariff of 1828. This event leads us to the issue of nullification and the indifferences held by each the North and the South on the issues of taxation. Lastly, I will talk about Abraham Lincoln and how his winning the election of 1860 would be the final event that will lead the south into secession and the country into the American Civil War.
Slavery is not only a major topic for why the Civil War started, but how it will also define the geographic landscape of the United States prior to the Civil War into free states and slaves states. The Northern states held different views on slavery than the Southern states. The majority of the abolitionist movements started in the North, for example the New England Anti-Slavery Society, started by the supporters of William Lloyd Garrison, the founder of a publication called the Liberator (American Promise page 384).
Differences in religion also played in the roles of slavery. Many of the people in the North that were of the Protestant faith believed in a different set of moral codes than the people of the South. In an excerpt taken from the textbook American Promise, the authors sum up what it was to be a Protestant at the time. “Not content with individual perfection, many of these people sought to perfect society as well, by defining excessive alcohol consumption, non-martial sex, and slavery as three major evils of modern life in need of correction” (page 376). The Protestant ideal helped form many groups that fought for the abolishment of slavery, among them the abolitionist movement. The Protestants felt that all men were created equal and this was in direct conflict with many Southern people. Many of the Northern reform groups “found their initial inspiration in Protestantism’s dual message: Salvation was open to all, and society needed to be perfected” (page 385).
The North’s economy was based on textiles, shipping, and skilled trades. Their climate was not suited for the same type of agricultural products that the South produced like cotton,...