The Us Invasion Of Grenada Essay

1748 words - 7 pages

The U.S invasion of Grenada, also known as Operation Urgent Fury was an invasion of the Caribbean island nation by forces led by the United States. It resulted into victory for the United States in just a few weeks . Grenada is a nation inhabited by approximately 91,000 people. The invasion was prompted by a military coup, which ousted the revolutionary government, it restored the constitutional government. The invasion was also as a response to the request for help by the Organization of American States (OAS). The official reason given by the U.S government for the invasion was the presence of approximately eight hundred American students at the True Blue Medical Facility. The presence of Soviet and Cuban personnel on the island was also a key factor which pushed the American government to invade.
On attaining independence, Grenada was led by Sir Eric Gairy until 1974. His term was marred by civil unrest in the country. In a charged political atmosphere, he was declared the victor of the 1976 general election, a result which was disputed by the opposition. What ensued was violence between gangs loyal to the New Jewel Movement (NJM), an outfit formed by the opposition, and Gairy’s private army; the Mongoose gang. The NJM started plotting on how to overthrow the government; they started receiving specialized military training outside the country. In March 1979, the NJM under the leadership of Maurice Bishop overthrew Gairy’s government and established the People’s Revolutionary Government (PRG). In October 1983, a splinter group from the party under the leadership of the Deputy Prime Minister, Bernard Coard deposed Maurice Bishop. The group placed him under house arrest, but protests opposing this action enabled him to escape detention. He attempted to reassert his legitimacy as the leader of the government, which led to his capture and eventual murder, along with many government officials who were still loyal to him. Hudson Austin then led the army in forming a military council to take charge of the country. Paul Scoon, the Governor General, was immediately subjected to house arrest. A four day full curfew was declared, anybody found on the street during this period would be shot on sight. It has been revealed that the Governor General appealed for the invasion via diplomatic channels (Martin, Doughlas). American officials cited the building of the over 9,000 feet long Point Salines International Airport as a project meant to facilitate the conduit of soviet arms into the region. The U.S government felt that the “Soviet-Cuban militarization” of Grenada was a significant security threat, as proven by the abnormally long runway under construction at the airport. Intelligence sources also indicated soviet interest in the island. The American students were the most mentioned as the factor that tipped the scales.
The invasion commenced at 0500 hours on the morning of 25th October 1983. This was after the forces took off from the Grantley Adams...

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