The Us Rogue States And The Dialogue With North Korea

2388 words - 10 pages

Once the Soviet Union collapsed in the early 1990s the bipolar world order disintegrated with it, leaving the United States as the sole global superpower. Yet, the communism was not the only concern of Americans. In the early 1980s, this capitalist power already started sensing an overcoming threat of the international terrorism, which led to the emergence of a new group of enemies, namely, the rogue states. These countries are seen as a danger to the new unipolar world. The United States of America assumed a responsibility to contain these states and/or transform them into successfully functioning democracies. Currently this is being done by military interventions and sanctions. However, one special state arises – North Korea . It is the most aggressive of the group, but enjoys the most diplomatic approach. This paper’s aim is to understand why North Korea is receiving a different treatment compared to its comrade dictator states. This will be done as follows. Firstly, the definition(s) of the rogue states will be provided. Secondly, the critique of the American standpoint will be given. Finally, the reasons for the treatment of the DPRK will be addressed.
The term rogue states entered the global politics arena in early 1980s, when the US became concerned about the issues of international terrorism and the states sponsoring it (Mitchell 2). Right from the beginning the exact definition of the rogue states has been complex and shifting in accordance to the changes in the US foreign policies. Based on Anthony Lake these are “recalcitrant and outlaw states that not only choose to remain outside the family [of democratic nations] but also assault its basic values” (45). As argued by Professor Sara McLaughlin Mitchell the rogue states that keep on violating the universal standards of conduct “represent particular dangers to international peace and stability.” (3) In general, these denounced countries share several common features, such as the rule by coercive individuals or groups, suppression of fundamental human rights, incapability to function in international alliances, support of terrorism, and, most importantly, the possession or development of the weapons of mass destruction (WMD) (Lake 46). In addition, another characteristic is often added – “a threat to the global order, and, especially, to the US interests” (Chomsky 12). Several mentioned points make this definition problematic and subjective. First of all, the official rogue states – Cuba, Iraq, Iran, Libya and North Korea (Lake 45) - are very different ideologically, economically and geographically, therefore it does not seem coherent to put them in one category. Secondly, the definition is created in such a way that it gives the United States an assumed responsibility of containing and even transforming these regimes, preferably into successful democracies (Lake 46). Yet, the naming of atrocious states did not stop with the term rogue. In 2002 another, very similar, definition...

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