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The United States And The Beginning Of The Cold War

2373 words - 9 pages

The United States and the Beginning of the Cold War

a) There were three cracks evident between the US-Soviet relationship.
America and Russia argued about the opening of a second front against
Germany. Stalin’s plans where that America and Britain invade western
Europe so the Russian Red Army gets stronger and pressure on them is
relieved. Roosevelt promised a second front by the time of 1942, but
the delay of plans for an Anglo-American invasion of German-occupied
France angered Stalin because his plans to make his Army Stronger are
not going to be easily fulfilled since the western countries would
still be powerful. The invasion of France was delayed until D-Day
which angered Stalin. Instead, Britain and America positioned their
armies in Italy and North Africa.

Another crack was that Stalin feared that America and Britain would
make a pact with Germany and unite to form something like an alliance
against Russia since the three of them were all anti communist. The
third crack between the US-Soviet relationship was that when the US
scientist started developing the atomic bomb, Roosevelt decided to
tell Canada and Britain about it but to hide it from Russia. But
Stalin still knew about this atomic bomb project since he sent Soviet
spies to infiltrate the team of American scientists.

b) The shared post war objectives were peace aims. Roosevelt and
Stalin shared some post war objectives. For example, both agreed that
it is important to limit the power of the Germans, and accomplish
German disarmament and demilitarisation by military occupation. The US
and Soviet Union had agreed to divide and occupy Germany among the
winners. Both sides promised to co-operate together after the war and
Roosevelt had the opinion that Russia would be more important to the
United States than Britain since Russia was a larger and more powerful
country. Stalin’s plans where to remain in good relationship with the
US.

c) Roosevelt’s post war aims where to create the international peace
and co-operation in other words the UN, which would make sure that
peace remains and another war doesn’t break out. The UN reminds of the
League of Nations. He also aimed for no formal spheres of influence
which meant that no propaganda should take place like Hitler created
during the second world war. Furthermore, he wanted the spread of
democracy. So every one has the right to speak and vote freely. There
should be free trade between all countries and reconstruction of the
worlds economy by the help of the IMF and the World Bank.

d) Stalin’s opposing post war goals are the co-operation with America,
Russian Security, sphere of influence on Soviet perimeter, restoration
of Russia’s 1914 borders, limiting German power, economic
reconstruction of Soviet Union. While Roosevelt’s goal was to
rehabilitate the...

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