The United States vs. Mexico
After an eleven-year war to free itself from Spanish colonial control, Mexico had won but in a sense lost greatly. In 1821, she had to begin the long struggle to rebuild an economic, social, and political stability for the huge mass it now controlled. This area included present day Mexico and what is now known as Texas, New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, California and part of Colorado.
“The new republic became submerged in a “system of institutionalized disorder”
that propelled it “from crisis to crisis.” Consequently; the process of state-
building in nineteenth-century Mexico remained incomplete when the United
States confronted the young republic with war in 1846.” ( Santoni,p.1)
The growing United States colonial elite, in a race for land had developed an expansionist fever, which grew them greedy for land. “For expansion was so rationionalized that it seemed at the outset a right, and soon, long before the famous phrase itself coined, a manifest destiny”(Weinberg pg.12). They had killed/ drove millions of native from their lands as a result of this fever. As was a apparent with the actions of Henry Harrison years before the war, “ his tactics were simple; get them drunk and promise the chiefs annuities if they signed” in his heart Harrison believed in the concept that another age would describe as “Manifest Destiny” (Leckie pg.153)
This phrase to which “mural ideology was the partner of self- interest in the intimate alliance of which expansionism was the offspring.” ( Weinberg pg.12) This phase attributed to John O’Sullivan, editor of the expansionist United States Magazine and Democratic Review, who wrote it was “ our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by providence for the development of our yearly multiplying millions” (Zinn pg.149) As the U.S grew in population, land grew scarce and the growing colonial elite government looked toward the west as an answer.
Mexico which is now populated with a new people called Mestizo of Spanish and Aztec blood, and a smaller population was that of pure Spanish blood who considered themselves socially superior. The Mestizos rebelled frequently, as a result the country was at a state of chaos with very little unity and was very thinly populated, and already weakened by an oppressive clergy and upper class.
In an attempt to populate their under populated Texas frontier with the United States they encouraged migration with the promise to become practicing Catholics and obey the Mexican prohibition of slavery. They thought this would build the nation they struggled to. This was a huge mistake, they had no intention of keeping the promise. “ These mostly southern Americans who migrated to Texas were...