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The Use Of Robotics In Modern Prosthetics

1763 words - 7 pages

The Use of Robotics in modern ProstheticsByWarren HayesA Undergraduate ProjectSubmitted to Dr Kevin RigbyIn Partial fulfillment of the Requirements ofUnmanned Aerial System Robotics ASCI 318Embry-Riddle Aeronautical UniversityWorldwideEdwards AFB CampusJune 2014Table of ContentsPageTitle iTable of Contents iiAbstract 1Discussion 2Conclusion 9References 10Robotic in ProstheticsRobotics in ProstheticsAbstractResearcher: Warren HayesTitle: The Use of Robotics in Modern ProstheticsInstitution: Embry riddle Aeronautical UniversityDegree: Bachelors of Science in AeronauticsYear: 2014Robotic technology has become an essential part of our lives; the majority of the consumer products we use daily are produced by robots. With the introduction of faster processors, smaller chipset and microcomputers, robotics has also influenced the medical industry to include including prosthetics. Robotics has demonstrated capabilities in medicine that were unheard in the past;In 1997, surgery was performed in Cleveland Ohio using the Zeus robotic surgical system which successfully reconnected a woman's fallopian tubes, and in May of the same year the Da Vinci surgical system assisted with heart bypass surgery in Germany ("Robotics in medical," 2014).The first unmanned robotic surgery was conducted in Italy in May 2006. The next logical application for robotics in medicine would be to improve the quality of life for amputees by improving prosthetics.This technology led to the development of advanced prosthetics which has increased the options for those people who have a need for prosthetic devices. The field of robotics has proved to be the next step towards achieving the most lifelike prosthetics to date. With the advent of small scale actuators and motors combined with micro computing, it's now possible to emulate the movement of human limbs more precisely.DiscussionProsthetics are defined as an artificial device used to replace a missing body part. There are different types of prosthetic devices that have been in use over the years, the more common are replacement limbs and dental appliances, but there are some that are purely for cosmetic purposes such as eyes or breast. The prosthetics devices we are typically accustomed to are replacement arms, legs and feet for individuals that these limbs due to injury or disease.In 1945, the National Academy of Sciences established the Artificial Limb Program in response to the high number of veteran amputees after World War II and for the purpose of advancing scientific progress in artificial limb development. Since this time, advances in areas such as materials, computer design methods and surgical techniques have helped prosthetic limbs to become increasingly lifelike and functional ("The history of," 2014).Prosthetics are designed with giving the wearing as much functionality as possible; for example a common controllable prosthetic hand consist of a split hook that can be opened or closed to grip objects or perform other...

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