This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Use Of Memory Essay

1074 words - 4 pages

The Use of Memory

Memory is the vital tool in learning and thinking . We all use memory in
our everyday lives. Think about the first time you ever tied your shoe laces or
rode a bike; those are all forms of memory , long term or short. If you do not
remember anything from the past , you would never learn; thus unable to process.
Without memory you would simply be exposed to new and unfamiliar things . Life
would be absent and bare of the richness of it happy or sorrow. Many scientists
are still unsure of all that happens and what and how memory works. They are
certain , though , that it is involvement of chemical changes in the brain which
changes the physical structure (Loftus p. 392). It has been found after many
research , that new memory is stored in a section of the brain called the
hippocampus (Loftus p. 392). Memory is acquired by a series of solidifying
events , but more research is still needed to discover and fully understand
(Loftus p. 392).
Memory is broken down into three systems or categories . These different
systems are sensory memory , short-term , and long-term memory. Sensory memory
is the shortest and less extensive of the others. It can hold memory for only an
instance (Memory p. 32). Suppose you see a tree , the image of the tree is
briefly held by the sensory memory and quickly disappears unless you transfer it
to your short-term memory (Rhodes p. 130). The next level is called short-term
memory. The image or fact can be held as long as the brain is actively thinking
about it (Loftus p. 392). For example , if you look up a number in the phone
book and repeat it to yourself until you dial it , that is a form of short-term
memory. Short-term memory lasts roughly half a minute unless it is transferred
to long-term memory . Long-term memory is the last and final stage of memory .
It is so large and limitless it can hold nearly anything (Loftus p. 392). Long-
term memory can hold something that is only a few moments old to many , many
years.
Memory can be measured in three ways . These techniques include recall,
recognition, and relearning (Loftus p. 393). Suppose someone asks you who was at
a party . When you try to list everyone you saw , that is known as recall. The
other form is recognition , which contains recall. For example, the person
asking you a list of names. The list contains names of people who were at the
party and names of those who were not at the party. " In relearning you would
memorize the guest list after apparently forgetting it " (Loftus p. 393).
There are many questions to why people forget . Scientists still do not
know exactly how people forget . Not surprisingly , people forget more and more
as time progresses. The chief explanations for forgetting include interference,
retrieval, failure , motivated forgetting, and constructive processes (Loftus p.
393). " Interference occurs when the remembering of certain learned material
blocks the...

Find Another Essay On The Use of Memory

The Multistore Model of Memory Essay

826 words - 3 pages The Multistore Model of Memory The multistore model is a representation of memory based on having more than one different kind of store for remembered information. Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed this model based on evidence related to the separate stores of memory (e.g. serial position: primacy recency, forgetting etc.). It suggests that memory comprises of three separate stores, the sensory memory

The Fickle Voice of Memory Essay

893 words - 4 pages does not recognize the woman implied to be his wife. He must figure out who the woman is, welcoming him home. Cherry has used many different techniques in “Alzheimer’s”. One can see the use of a simile as well as two examples of assonance when she talks about how the sun “Strikes the iron grillwork like a smithy”, referring to reflected sunlight (Line 11). “Roses and columbine slug it out for space, claw the mortar” is a metaphor for the struggle

Random Access Memory (RAM): The Genius of Memory

715 words - 3 pages Inside your computer, RAM takes the form of separate microchip modules that plug in slots on the computer's motherboard. These slots connect through a bus line or set of electrical paths to the computer's processor. Before you turn on a computer, its RAM is a blank slate. As you start and use your computer, the operating system files, programs and any data currently being used by the processor are written to and stored in RAM, so that the

The Memory Theories of Levels of Processing

1439 words - 6 pages This research tests the memory theories of levels of processing proposed by Craik and Lockhart (1972) and encoding specificity presented by Wiseman and Tulving (1976). Craik and Lockhart (1972) assert that stimuli that are semantically related are encoded more deeply than stimuli that are related physically. Wiseman and Tulving (1976) state that encoded information must be retrieved in the same way in which it was encoded. These two theories

The Different Types of Memory Devices

2561 words - 10 pages (Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory) chips, which can be cleared by exposing them to ultraviolet light, and then reprogrammed. Ordinary room lighting does not contain enough ultraviolet light to trigger this process of erasing the data from the chip; however, bright sunlight is intense enough to cause erasure. Because of this reason, the window tends to be concealed via the use of a label when not installed in the

The Neurobiology of Memory and Aging

1701 words - 7 pages The Neurobiology of Memory and Aging "I lost my keys again," my mother exclaimed at dinner a few nights ago, "I really am getting old." This use of old age as a justification for memory deficits is extremely common. Many people relate old age with loss of memory and other neurobiological functions. Why is it that aging seems to go hand in hand with losing and forgetting things? Is there a neurobiological explanation for this phenomenon

The Development of Language and Memory Recall

911 words - 4 pages learns and retrieves language. The zone of proximal development around language development is high; language requires years of lessons concerning the proper use of vocabulary and increasing the data base of vocabulary terms, however language development does start at a very early age and the amount of scaffolding needed to master a given topic will may decrease as abilities regarding short term memory strengthens (Leclerq, & Majerus, 2010). Beyond

the effect of sleep on memory

696 words - 3 pages The Effect Of Sleep On Face Recognition Memory Sleep serves multiple purposes, ranging from restoring energy to maintaining homeostasis. Recent research has also shown that sleep plays a crucial role in memory consolidation (Scullin, 2013). There are two main types of long-term memory: explicit (declarative) memory and implicit (procedural) memory. Declarative memory is responsible for learning facts, events, and memories that can be

The Relationship of Photographs, History, and Memory

5350 words - 21 pages possibility of an extended visual narrative in considerations of memory. The violent markings of the photo album and its images, however, produce an equally powerful message that jars the memory as it disrupts and distorts the photographic chronicle of her life and that of her family and friends. The result is a complex visual experience that addresses the use of images in producing knowledge and making history. Photographs are re

Augustine and the Locus of Collective Memory

3915 words - 16 pages In the books X and XI of his Confessions, Augustine aims to tackle the intriguing questions of memory and time, respectively. His phenomenological as well as rigorous approach has attracted many later commentators. Also Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) can be taken as one of these, although Ricoeur’s angle is decisively distinct from that of Augustine’s – it can be said to represent a certain “hermeneutical rationality”. By using Ricoeur’s material as a

The Impact of Memory on Voting Behaviors

993 words - 4 pages The Impact of Memory on Voting Behaviors In "The Determinants and Consequences of Recall Error about Gulf War Preferences", Mark Joslyn examines the effects of outside influences on the opinions of voters. Specifically, Joslyn explores errors in autobiographical memories of opinions of the government's involvement in the Gulf War and studies the change of opinions of individuals pre and post war. Memories are an important factor when

Similar Essays

Exploring The Use Of Memory In Beloved

1625 words - 7 pages ) the “strength to force the moment to its crisis” (80). Through imagery, Eliot paints a rather grim picture of the frustrations of a middle-aged man at odds with his station in the world. Eliot also makes an extensive use of allusions to both contextualize the poem’s persona and depict a narrator who, despite possessing considerable intellect, views himself as ineffectual and “almost, at times, the Fool” (119). Decidedly pessimistic in tone, “The

William Wordsworth And William Blake: The Use Of Light And Dark Imagery To Create Memory

914 words - 4 pages use of imagery. Not only do the authors interpret their senses into light versus darkness, they also use imagery of both to provide us with a way to comprehend the themes of life and death. All three poems have a common theme of how one's memory can affect the way they perceive death and the afterlife. The use of light and dark imagery in all three poems are similar because they give a firm grasping of reminiscence, enlist the aid of light and

The Reliability Of Memory Essay

1925 words - 8 pages . F., & Pickrell, J. E. (1995). The formation of false memories. Psychiatric Annals, 25(12), 720-725. Naveh-Benjamin, M., & Craik, F. I. M. (1995). Memory for context and its use in item memory: Comparisons of younger and older persons. Psychology and Aging,10(2), 284-293. doi: 10.1037/0882-7974.10.2.284 Roediger III, H. L., Jacoby, J. D., & McDermott, K. B. (1996). Misinformation effects in recall: Creating false memories through repeated

The Structure Of Memory Essay

1799 words - 7 pages Introduction Prior research into the structure of memory have suggested that memory is comprised up from three separate stores each performing a specific and relatively inflexible function (in Passer, Smith, Holt, Bremner, Sutherland, & Vliek, 2009). That is the multi-store model, developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968 in Passer et al., 2009) who claim a sensory memory store, short-term memory store (STM) and a long-term memory store (LTM