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The V 1 And V 2 Essay

1462 words - 6 pages

WWII, one of the bloodiest wars in history. The Germans and the Axis Powers were combating the English and US with the other Allied Powers. From 1939-1945 war raged on in Europe and in the Pacific. In 1939 proposals were made (not approved until later) by the Nazi’s to create two of the most destructive and advanced weapons of the time (Gatland). Thus, the V-1 and V-2 rockets were put into production. The V-1 and V-2 rockets were important to the German’s because they believed that these weapons would give them an extreme advantage in the war, and eventually help them win the war. The development of these rockets were very important to the Nazi’s. These rockets were different and more ...view middle of the document...

Pennemünde was where most of the progress, testing, and development was done (Dooling). These weapons were turning into a vision of destruction for the Nazi’s. They now needed a target, and this was Great Britain. “I am informed by the Fuhrer for the first time that the big rocket bomb weighs 14 tons. This, of course, is a devastating murder weapon. I suspect that when the first projectiles plunge down into London, the English public will panic" (Josef Goebels).
The V-1 was a weapon of destruction so new and advanced that it left a scorching mark on the people of Great Britain. First given priority by the German high command in 1942, this bomb was a modern marvel for the time. It was a small, unmanned plane with a length of 7.9 m (25.9 ft.), a wingspan of 5.3 m (17.3 ft.), and weighed 2,180 kg (4,806 lbs.). The weight included gas fuel and an 850 kg (1,874 lb.) warhead. The V-1 was originally called the Fieseler Fi 103 (Gatland). These bombs were rarely called their designated name by the allies; they were rather named by their sound, the “buzz bomb”, for their distinctive buzzing when falling to the ground (Sheehan). The bombs themselves were developed by engineer, Robert Lisserr (V1 and V2 Rockets). They could travel about 420 mph (676 km/h) (Klam). When they were deployed they had a speed that was a touch faster than most of the allied air fleet (Sheehan). The V-1 was fueled by a pulse-jet engine. It was launched off a ramp and flew a predetermined distance to its target (Gatland). To stabilize the bomb, a gyroscope was in place (Sheehan). The V-1’s were guided by an autopilot system (V1 and V2 Rockets). For the V-1 to plummet towards the Earth, the engine or fuel had to cut out. This was hopefully right above the target. This distinction only gave the people below a few second to prepare and take cover for impact (Gatland). The V-1 took an especially long time to test, develop, and produce, and was finally able to be used first in the summer of 1943 in Great Britain (Sheehan). The Nazi’s wanted to attack London and they started doing this from sites near Calais, France on June 13, 1944 (Gatland). After the start of the V-1 bombings, the allies placed over 2,000 anti-aircraft guns were placed on the south coast of England. At first V-1’s were hard to counter, some measures used to take them down were anti aircraft guns, spitfires, and pilots flying close to V-1’s and using their wings to move the gyroscope, making the V-1 plummet early. In all about 8,000 V-1’s were launched by Germany at England and other targets, and approximately 2,420 reached London. The number of V-1’s fired would have been much greater, but in August 1944 the French launching sites were overrun by the allies (Sheehan). Eventually allied pilots used artillery shells with a proximity fuse, which was a tiny radar, to take down V-1’s (V1 and V2 Rockets). In all about half...

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