The Validity Of The Cosmological, Ontological, And Teleological Arguements

1331 words - 5 pages

The topic I will be discussing in this essay is whether or not the ontological, the cosmological, or the teleological arguements provide sufficient evidence to prove the existence of the Supreme Personal Being. All three arguements have points for and against them, but whether they prove the existence of God (from here on out taken to mean the Supreme Personal Being) or not remains still to be a topic of debate.The weakest of the three arguements is the ontological arguement. The Christian theologianAnselm(1033-1109) believed that we can concieve of the greatest possible being, and this becomes he basis for his arguement. He says that existence in reality is greater than existence in the mind. If this is so, then the greatest possible being that we can concieve in our minds is not the greatest possible being because we can also concieve of the same being as existing in reality, therefore, the greatest possible being exists. This arguement makes ambitious assumptions as to what we are capable of concieving, as well as placing limits or "rules" on the types of concieved things that we are allowed to use within this arguement to prove the existence of. Gaunilo, a contemporary of Anselm believed that "one cannot concieve of the greatest possible being."1 He says that we can understand the words "greatest possible being", but that we could not truely understand the being which they represent. One also has to wonder whether we can use Anselm's arguement to prove the existence of all sorts of non-existent things. Lets just suppose that I can concieve of the greatest possible apple. It is the most juicy, perfectly shaped and colored apple I can think of, so therefore it must exist because its existence in reality makes it greater than its existence in my mind. Now, you can argue against that statement saying that I can only use Anselm's arguement to concieve of things for which I cannot concieve as being any greater. There could always be a juicier apple you might say, whereas the greatest possible being cannot be any greater or it would not be such a being. This brings up questions surrounding perception and belief. Why can't I concieve of the greatest possible apple? My conception of such an apple may be completely different from that of my friends lets say, but does that make it any less great to me? I think not. This then poses a problem when we even start to consider what the greatest possible being is. There are many possible ideas of what the greatest possible being would or should be if it existed, and some of them are extremely different from each other. If I use Anselm's arguement though, and take it to be true, then the being which I'll call God does exist, but then so does my friends version of God. This means that I can use the same reasoning that was used to argue against my greatest apple and apply it to Anselm's entire arguement. For the arguement to work there can only be one greatest possible being. If there was more than one it would...

Find Another Essay On The Validity of the Cosmological, Ontological, and Teleological Arguements


2228 words - 9 pages The debate regarding the use of animals in experiments has come under increasing public and political attention throughout the 1980?s and 1990?s. Many objections have been raised against the once accepted scientific procedures by all sectors of society. There are many arguments for and against the use of animals in scientific experimentation most of which revolve around both practical and ethical issues.There are many arguments, which support

The Presentation of Socrates' Arguements in Plato’s Apology and Crito

967 words - 4 pages In both Plato’s Apology and Crito, Plato presents Socrates arguments clearly and precisely. Socrates is wise man with a different perspective on life, which presents us with a mass of contradictions. Socrates is an expressive man, yet he never recorded any works. He is ignorant, but wrongfully convicted who is willing to fight his unjust execution. Behind these dilemmas is an opposition not often explored. Socrates is the most patriotic of

Critique of the Ontological Argument

926 words - 4 pages friendships are not many, because most so-called friendships end with turmoil, such as the one above. This is not just a matter of honesty, it is also a test to the validity of friend A’s actual friendship to both husband B and wife C. Entering into a state of friendship, is like a social contract, in which at least two people, beforehand, assume that the other would be honest, respectful, and supportive of the other. These true friendships can

The Cosmological argumeant and God

1160 words - 5 pages a-What are the main ideas of the cosmological arguments for the existence of God?:This essay will address the main issues of the cosmological argumeants in ways of proving the existence of God and will then comment of the weaknesses of these argumeants. The cosmological argumeants all seek to prove the existence of God through the main idea that causation of the universe leads back to God; everything that exists has a cause, the universe exists

The Influence of Cosmological Thought

1623 words - 6 pages Cosmology is the universal observation of extra terrestrial cosmos that illustrate the meaning and origins of life. Cosmological thought defines the beliefs and practises in civilisations and is apparent in the reflection of social hierarchy and structure in many cultures. It can be described in anthropological thought as a cultural phenomenon that has been constructed by many ancient civilisations, depicted for thousands of years in ancient

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Ontological Argument - A Level - Information

1525 words - 7 pages theory further by emphasizing that if a ‘fool’ can understand the concept of God then the argument provides the same starting point for everyone – the concept of God as the greatest conceivable being and inevitably the existence of God must be necessary for this statement to be true. · Fits in with the cosmological argument. The universe is contingent and must therefore be dependent on a necessary being, something argued in both the ontological

The Validity of Creationism and Evolution

3644 words - 15 pages The Validity of Creationism and Evolution Abstract: This paper discusses the validity of both creation and evolution and examines whether they can interact with each other. Besides doing my own research, I have chosen to interview four people extensively involved in either Christianity or biology. I specifically picked interviewees who strongly supported either evolution or creation to get both sides of the issue. Two of the people were

Validity of the Constitution

1353 words - 6 pages liberty (Doc. E). Hence, the immorality of slavery would appear paradoxical to the promise of freedom. As can be seen, the Constitution was flawed with concepts that were diametrically opposed, driving an ideological wedge between the Union. The validity of the Constitution was further questioned legally and authoritatively. The supreme court was seen as the final arbiter of law, but Dred Scott v. Sandford heavily tarnished the court's

The Validity of Plutarch

3232 words - 13 pages The first century AD gave birth to Plutarch of Chaeronea. He was born into the Greco-Roman world during the Pax Romana, a time of peace that which had not been seen in all of the country's history. Plutarch, coming from an upper-class family, was able to get a good education and find a purpose to his life1. Philosophy was his calling and he was brilliant in his work. An aficionado of the works of his forefathers in thought (from Zeno to

"The Ontological Argument": Explain the traditional forms of the ontological argument put forward by Anselm and Descartes

1584 words - 6 pages a) Explain the traditional forms of the ontological argument put forward by Anselm and Descartes. (33 marks)The ontological argument is a deductive a priori argument that attempts to prove God's existence from logical reasoning. The first and best known ontological argument was proposed by St Anselm (Archbishop of Canterbury) in his writings 'Proslogion', however since then variations have been developed by other philosophers such as Rene

Explain the Development of the Ontological Argument

1313 words - 6 pages Explain the development of the Ontological Argument The Ontological Argument was constructed differently to arguments such as, the Cosmological Argument and the Teleological Argument. Whilst, these two were developed through revelation by drawing conclusions from observing external factors. The Ontological Argument was brought together through reason, this is the process of drawing conclusions through the mind’s logic. The Ontological Argument

Similar Essays

The Cosmological And Teleological Arguments Essay

1760 words - 7 pages first of these is the cosmological argument which while arguable, is unfortunately not entirely disprovable. Easier to argue against is the teleological argument, which actually can be broken down so quickly that one begins to question why it ever became popular in the first place. While neither one of these is guaranteed to convince a dedicated non believer, their interest as philosophical arguments is unquestionable. In the Western tradition of

The Ontological Argument Presented By Descartes And The Cosmological Argument Presented By Aquinas

1455 words - 6 pages The Ontological Argument Presented by Descartes and the Cosmological Argument Presented by Aquinas Descartes, often called the father of modern philosophy, developed Anselm’s argument, in attempting to prove God’s existence from simply the meaning of the word ‘God’. The ontological argument is a priori argument, such arguments use logic to prove an initial definition to be correct. The basis of these arguments depends upon

"God And The World" Talks About Teleological,Cosmological Arguments And The Problem Of Causality In Ch.9 Of Questions That Matter(Se)

803 words - 3 pages In chapter 9, we read about natural theology and the two arguments for the existence of god. Those two arguments are The Cosmological Argument and The Teleological Argument.In reading the chapter we define the difference between Natural Theology and Revealed Theology. Natural Theology is the study or science of god through natural intellect in its natural state, unaided by any special or supernatural input. It is also referred as rational

Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Ontological Argument

983 words - 4 pages The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on experience and the observation of the world not