The Validity Of Samuel P. Huntington’s Thesis In “The Clash Of Civilizations”

1344 words - 5 pages

The aim of Samuel P. Huntington’s “The Clash of Civilizations” was to provide an academic framework to understand almost all of the conflicts that had broken out since the end of the twentieth century, to include predicting the appearance of future conflicts. According to Huntington, there will be a clash of civilizations since the world has been in an unreasonable era since the end of the Cold War and the position of the nation-state has not been of any significance. Far more than the political objectives of territorial take-overs, it is the religious element of culture that has become the main cause of conflict. It should be acknowledged that Huntington’s “Clash of Civilizations” is a relatively simple theory which focuses on illuminating the ins and outs of international politics. Samuel P. Huntington’s article played a prominent role in establishing today’s international relations field by defining culture and religion as the main culprit of today’s international conflicts. However, in order to validate such a standard lies within the capability to describe and interpret the real world and motivate people to seek how this theory allows one to understand current conflicts.
According to Huntington, a new type of resistance has thrived the Middle Ages conflict between princes and the post-Westphalia antagonisms between nations since the end of the cold war. This new type of conflict, however, opposes the seven or eight major civilizations, i.e. Western, Confusion, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and possibly African civilization. With the end of political philosophies, individuals would feel a close recognizance regarding shared cultural features and, consequently, would acknowledge that they belonged in one of Huntington’s cultures or civilizations. That theory is reliable because the association of individuals into ethno-national groups due to tribalism deeply influences world politics. Yet, Huntington states with caution that the differences between his civilizations do not imply the surfacing of conflicts between them. In contrary, Huntington also develops a completely opposite argument. Without a doubt, Huntington declares that his civilizations are in conflict because they are driven by irreconcilable moral and political values, the necessity to survive, and the will to dominate. The characteristics of the new world order would be that much more disturbing because the civilizations would act according to the “kin-country syndrome,” mainly those civilizations would partner with the less kin-civilizations. Eventually, a break out in conflict would arise along the fault lines between civilizations. Huntington’s explanation of conflicts all over the world seem to make sense since a number of conflicts have arisen along his fault lines.
Huntington states that “Islam has bloody borders,” hence he describes the appearance of a prominent Islam threat for the western countries, in addition to the...

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