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The Varna System Or Caste System

3032 words - 13 pages

Varna system or Vedic caste system which later deteriorated into the modern caste system due to colonialism and misinterpretation, was natural and necessary for the proper functioning of the society. In this article we see how it is very much different from the modern caste system and how it is very natural and we will also see some evidences from the scriptures which supports this.

The Original Caste System or Vedic Caste System:
Currently the caste system is all about some people feeling themselves superior and some others as inferior based on birth which is not the case with the original caste or Vedic caste system or Varna system. The Varna system is fully based on cooperation, trust ...view middle of the document...

There are 4 classes in Vedic caste system. They are: Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Shudras.
Brahmin was defined as brahman nayati iti brahmin. They are the ones who completely dedicated their lives just for studying scriptures for understanding the Absolute Truth and preaching the scriptural messages. They don’t work under anyone but simply depend on the charity which they receive from Kings and other people. They lived simple lives and their goal is fixed on the Absolute Truth and they used to simply preach the spiritual teachings to other classes of society and give guidance to the administrative class. They have many good qualities like self control, compassion for others, tolerance etc,. The ideal example in the recent history was Canakya pandit who was a minister in the court of Chandragupta and although the King was very rich and he was personal guide to the King he maintained no personal opulences. Without the guidance of Brahmins the Kshatriyas don’t have the proper understanding on how to rule according to the scriptures and this leads do the present day monarchy where the rulers instead of doing welfare for the people does damage to the public which invokes a revolt against the rulers. Kshatriya is defined as kseeyate traayate iti Kshatriya. These were the people who protected the society against external attacks and maintained internal order. Kshatriyas are known for their courage and it is said that a Kshatriya never runs away when someone challenges to fight with him no matter how powerful the opponent may be. Although heads were flying in front of his own eyes still he continues to fight with great courage. In this regard modern day military people can be considered as Kshatriyas and regarding maintaining the internal order the modern day politicians can be considered Kshatriyas. But in the Vedic times the King not just rules the kingdom but also risks his life in the battlefield unlike the modern day administrative class who employee military people for that purpose. Vaisya is defined as visati iti vaisya. Businessmen, traders and farmers fall under this category. Their main functioning is production of food crops, selling and protecting cows. They are the cashiers of the society. When the Brahmins are just for name sake then the Kings rule without any guidance which leads to monarchy and when people are not satisfied with that business people wants the power and it leads to Capitalism where the power is with the mercantile class. Sudras were the people engaged in services. Carpenters, blacksmiths, goldsmiths, cobblers, porters etc fall under this category. In essence they are the labor class who serves the other three classes and thus maintain themselves. Generally they were not given money as they may misuse for wine and women. When the power is concentrated in the hands of the mercantile class the common labor class people revolts and asks for common rights and this leads to communism. This system ensured that the...

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