This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The First Crusade Essay

1263 words - 5 pages

The First CrusadeAs the year 1000A.D. was approaching the strength of Christianity in Western Europewas growing along with its population. The newly reformed and organized Church began to gaingreat power. A new Europe was being born with the Catholic Church as a force in every area oflife.In Christian beliefs, the savior, Jesus Christ was to return to earth and bring judgment onits people. Many clergy members along with lay people believed this would take place in theyear 1000A.D. . Knowing this, the people of Europe awaited the return of Christ and feared theWrath of God. Religious people wanted to make up for their sins and avoid the horrors ofeternal damnation. Clergy members were often consulted to figure out what would be a suitablepenance. ' The Church itself still frequently imposed pilgrimages as a penance' (Campbell p.14).A pilgrimage to the Holy Land was not an easy task to say the least. The road to Jerusalem wasjagged. On the way to Jerusalem, pilgrims were often murdered by thieves. They weredefenseless and often did not return. Some pilgrims did return from the Holy Land. They cameback with tales that planted the seeds for a Crusade.' The pilgrims that returned from the Holy City of Jerusalem recounted tales, oftengrossly exaggerated, of the horrible pollution of the sacred places at the hands of the Turks'(Campbell p23). Other stories of the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the burialplace of Jesus, by the Turks surfaced in the early eleventh century. The news of the destructionof the Sepulcher was mourned in every Christian country. The nations looked to Rome for asolution to this most serious of Problems.The Byzantine emperor asked for the aid of the Pope to help him with his Turk problem.To the Pope, it would be a strategic move to aid the Byzantine emperor. The Pope realized thatthis offered the opportunity to re-establish the universal Church and establish the supremacy ofRome. In 1095, at the Council of Clermont in southern France, 'Urban II challenged Christiansto take up their weapons against the infidels and participate in a holy war and recapture the HolyLand' (Spielvogel,p344). Pope Urban II addressed the French telling them of the horrorsimposed on the Holy Land. He told them all of the destruction and desecration of churches, andthe torturous treatment of the Christian inhabitants of the Holy Land. The large crowd listening tothe Pope's speech was saddened and outraged. The Pope called on Christian knights to set outto the Holy Land and free it from the claws of the pagan Seljuk Turks. He promised any knightwho set out to the Holy Land ' the remission of sins and be sure of the incorruptible glory of thekingdom of heaven' (Spielvogel,p345). The crowd immediately supported it by crying out ' It isthe will of God'(Spielvogel,p345). This can be seen as the starting point of the period of theCrusades.A Crusade immediately followed known as the Peasant's Crusade. This Crusade wasnot organized by the papacy....

Find Another Essay On The First Crusade

The First Crusade and the Ideas of Crusading

2006 words - 8 pages Contrary to many commonly held notions about the first crusade, in his book, The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading, Jonathan Riley-Smith sets out to explain how the idea of crusading thought evolved in the first crusade. In his book, Riley-Smith sets out five main arguments to show how these ideas of crusading evolved. Firstly, he argues that Pope Urban’s original message was conventional, secondly that a more positive reaction was drawn

The cause and effect of the first crusade

2388 words - 10 pages the expense of Muslims, a people to which little was known in the western world. According to Palmer Throop, there lie three reasons for a crusade: the first is the honor and fame received by any leader who presents a great army against the enemies of the cross. Secondly, it provides merits and indulgences, which in turn help to attain salvation amongst its participants. And thirdly, the cleansing of the holy land from the filth of Muslims it

Was the First crusade fought under the pretense of religion

2027 words - 8 pages Was the first crusade a war fought exclusively in the name of God?The 'First Crusade' was a holly war that was fought in 1095. Not known as a crusade until much later they were known and seen to people as pilgrimages. The war was fought from most of the European countries, against the growing power of the Byzantine empire and Islamic religion which was spreading like wild fire across the middle east. Muslim armies had conquered Syria, Persia

What Caused the First Crusade, and was it a Success?

1346 words - 5 pages The First Crusade was cause by conflicts between the Christians and the Muslims for the Holy Land, Jerusalem. Jerusalem was the holy city for all three groups of different faiths; the Christians, the Jews, and the Muslims. For the Christians, Jerusalem was where Jesus was crucified and resurrected. For the Muslim, Jerusalem was the place where Muhammad had ascended to heaven. For the Jews, it was their God's city and it was the sit of Solomon's

Answers: Study the sieges of Antioch and Jerusalem during the first crusade and Acre during the Third Crusade. Describe the logistical hardships of mounting a siege in foreign territory

1576 words - 6 pages Study the sieges of Antioch and Jerusalem during the first crusade and Acre during the Third Crusade. Describe the logistical hardships of mounting a siege in foreign territory. Compare the means and ends of each campaign. How did the Crusaders act toward Jews and Muslims.Just as the developing warfare of the West, sieges were more common during the Crusades than were actual battles, and in the broader scope, the outcomes of these sieges were of

Byzantine Aid was vital to the success of the first crusade.’ To what extent do you agree? - college a level - essay assignment

1190 words - 5 pages Charlotte Mawdsley ‘Byzantine Aid was vital to the success of the first crusade.’ To what extent do you agree? There were many contributing factors to the success of the first crusade. Byzantine aid was important along with the military tactics used by the Crusaders, but pivotal to the success of the first crusade was Muslim disunity. The Crusaders received much aid from Alexios and the Byzantine Empire during the first crusade. In 1097, at

The Medieval Times Religious Wars

1017 words - 5 pages armies were different troops of many Western European regions. The armies ranged from upper to lower class of people (“After Shocks”). The Pope’s preaching caused the first Crusade. His preaching led to thousands of Christians cutting out red crosses and then placing them to their garments (“Crusades”). Turk’s killed around 3,000 Christians, the remaining were treated so badly it made them want to fight in the crusade. While fighting in the first

The Failure of the Second Crusade and the Fall of the Christians

794 words - 4 pages Amongst the wars that have been fought in the history of mankind, The Second Crusade can be counted as one of the most disastrous. Completely contrary to the First Crusade, the Second Crusade was lead by two leaders with two un-cohesive agendas. This division of power and lack of military organization ultimately led to the massacre of thousands of Christian Crusaders and crushing losses along the way in the Crusaders' attempts to recapture the

The Albigensian Crusade

1291 words - 6 pages would then be taken by the Church. After the crusade, began the Inquisitions. If a person was found guilty of heresy, they were to be tortured and half their land would be given to the Church. Many people were tortured into pleading guilty in order for the Church to gain more wealth (Inquisition Languedoc). The Albigensian Crusade was one of the first crusades which did not involve journeying to the Holy Land, instead it it was a war against

Third Crusade

793 words - 4 pages The Third Crusade The third crusade consisted of the major religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The Muslim population over ran every other religion in the holy city of Jerusalem. They began to attack the infidels or Christians they could have attack the Jewish people too however what I have it doesn’t say they did now going back the first crusade the crusade is the counter attack the Christian people did to the Muslims because the

The Failure of The Crusades

1143 words - 5 pages regained control of Jerusalem for the first time in almost five hundred years in July of 1099. Then the Christens set up several Latin states as the Muslims vowed to wage holy war, to eventually regain control over the region. The relations were diminishing between the Crusaders and their Christen allies in the Byzantine Empire, because of the sack of Constantinople in 1204 during the third Crusade. Almost one century after the Crusaders got

Similar Essays

The First Crusade Essay

1963 words - 8 pages Mos Eisley spaceport on the planet Tattooine where “you will never find a more wretched hive of scum and villainy.” Were these to be the ranks of Pope Urban II’s holy army? Clearly, this seems to be the case. The First Crusade, 1095 – 9 started with the Peoples Crusade after the preaching tour of Pope Urban II. The Crusaders were not an organization of knights and foot soldiers as I would have imagined, but an agglomeration of men, women

The First Crusade Essay

731 words - 3 pages in these battles, the Crusaders , those charged with the holy task of carrying out the churches directive, at first reading sound quite familiar to the inhabitants of the Mos Eisley spaceport on the planet Tattooine where “you will never find a more wretched hive of scum and villainy.” Were these to be the ranks of Pope Urban II’s holy army? Clearly, this seems to be the case. The First Crusade, 1095 – 9 started with the Peoples Crusade

The First Crusade: A Success? Essay

2516 words - 10 pages To what extent did the response to Urban II's call to Crusade in 1095 correspond to the pope's plans?"The remarkable success of Urban's crusade seemed to confirm his preaching theme that God was fighting with the crusaders"-Penny J. ColeThis view, that the First Crusade was a great success, is still generally accepted today, as it was by contemporaries. The crusaders themselves, convinced that their mission had been achieved, "entitled their

Context And Causes For The First Crusade

1334 words - 5 pages The First Crusade began in an effort to retrieve Christian territory that was conquered by Muslims. The aim of the crusaders was to recapture the holy city of Jerusalem in the name of God. The Crusades were catapulted by a speech delivered from Pope Urban II in the city of Clermont. The passionate speech was centered on the Muslims, whose acts of savagery had sent all of Western Europe into a frenzy. The Byzantine emperor Alexius Commenous