The world as we know today is dependent on energy. The options we have currently enable us to produce energy economically but at a cost to the environment. As fossil fuel source will be diminishing over time, other alternatives will be needed. An alternative that is presently utilized is nuclear energy. Nuclear energy is currently the most efficacious energy source. Every time the word ‘nuclear’ is mentioned, the first thought that people have is the devastating effects of nuclear energy. Granting it does come with its drawbacks; this form of energy emits far less pollution than conventional power plants. Even though certain disadvantages of nuclear energy are devastating, the advantages contain even greater rewards.
Nuclear energy produces voluminous sources of power at an efficient rate. Lately, a Canadian company named ‘CANDU’ has created the Canada Deuterium Uranium reactor (CANDU). This particular reactor is becoming prevalent because of the safety features and increased efficiency. This reactor has an advanced design over traditional nuclear power plant reactors since that can recycle spent fuel rods to create new power that was previously lost. These fuel rods or enriched uranium that would otherwise be stored for long periods of time after being exhausted could now be reused to make more energy. Henceforth, the improvements towards nuclear reactors contribute creating more power for an inexpensive price. Additionally, energy that is created from a nuclear reactor is the result of uranium atoms splitting or nuclear fission. This process in a CANDU reactor requires numerous fuel bundles each containing 25 kilograms of uranium. Each fuel bundle can sustain 100 homes for a year. To put it in perspective, it would require 400 tons of coal, or 270,000 litres of oil, or 300 million litres of natural gas to obtain as much energy as 25 kilograms of uranium. As a result, numerous countries are creating more nuclear power plants. From the 1990s, the rate of nuclear power plants constructed increased because of technological and managerial, deregulation, and safety improvements.
As each year passes, more and more electricity will be made as a result of increased nuclear power plants around the world. The economic benefits of nuclear energy are equally advantageous as the environmental aspects.
A competitive, safe and environmentally sustainable energy source can be established anywhere on earth. Essential, all that is needed to create a nuclear power plant is a water source to cool down the reactor and uranium. Uranium can be found virtually in every country on earth. Even though it might be harder for certain countries to obtain uranium, there would be no problem in finding it around the world.
Figure 2. This image illustrates where major reserves of uranium are found on earth. .
Provided that countries can acquire uranium, they can create clean and safe...