“The Vicious Circle”: The Creation Of The Economic Development Regime In A Realist Context

1618 words - 6 pages

The Second World War was, without doubt, the most destructive conflict in world history.
According to some estimates, anywhere from sixty to eighty million people, civilian and combatant alike, were killed. Through its carnage, the international community, long divided and discordant, emerged to combat expansionist and genocidal ambitions. As the immeasurable devastation of the war became omnipresent, those concerned with its administration turned their attention to the question of its aftermath. How must a world so thoroughly shaken by war rebuild? As no conflict before it compared in its scope or its brutality, no solution for reconstruction and development dreamt of before it would suffice. The international community as it existed would be tasked, be challenged, with developing an ambitious and viable solution to the difficulties that Western Europe and parts beyond would face. What was resolved was the need for an international system capable of handling economic and monetary regulation and development. What has yet to be resolved, however, are questions of that development, its intentions, and its lasting effects. In the case of the latter, the question is fixed upon international institutions, whose past acts shaped international norms and whose continued presence engenders deep mistrust and resentment among some in the community of states.
Of all the institutions envisioned as the Second World War waned and ended, few are considered as marring and as pervasive as those of the international economic development complex. By the international economic development complex, I mean not only the organizations meant to provide said aid, but also the governments financing those organizations as part of their international commitments; the two interconnected tiers of national governments and international organizations formally divorced from state interests form a network, a constellation of causes.
The constellation emerged initially to lift a battered Europe from the brink of collapse, and as the American government claimed, Communist dominion. As the scope of the Cold War expanded, so did that of the aid complex. Incorporating Latin America, Africa, and Asia in their plans, the several organizations of the complex offered both loans and technical expertise to an international community growing with the collapse of colonial systems. Such a combination of capital and knowledge provided organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund unprecedented power in the international system. As the twentieth century approached its end, so did the Communist presence the international economic development complex was largely claimed to counter. The Soviet Union's unexpected collapse created a tremendous demand for economic development among former Communist states, states which needed the expertise necessary to stabilize and expand their economies; such a situation required the international economic development complex. To understand...

Find Another Essay On “The Vicious Circle”: The Creation of the Economic Development Regime In A Realist Context

Winners and Losers in the Context of International Development Law

2238 words - 9 pages The idea of the game in international development law was coined out of Salomon (2012) ‘s essay. She discusses a situation where there is inequality between the losing states and the winning states. This essay takes it further by applying it to a specific section of society amongst the winning and losing states. In order to create a framework, the thesis of this essay will be understood it is essential to explain the previous and also current

Exemplification Essay: Welfare, A Vicious Circle

1532 words - 6 pages the system, there will never be any hope for those on welfare to get off. The welfare program has turned into a vicious circle that traps the recipient, namely single mothers, into a cycle of poverty. But before we can change anything politically or economically about the welfare system, we must first re-evaluate our beliefs and prejudices against those who did not ask to be put in this situation is the first place.   Works Cited

The Economic Development Of Ghana

996 words - 4 pages The Economic Development of Ghana Ghana is an African country located on the western side of Africa. Its neighbors are Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Cote D'Ivoire to the west. It has a population of 18,100, 703 and a population density of 197 people per square mile. Ghana is 92,098 square miles and English is its official language. The capital city of Accra has around 1, 673,000 people

The Economic Development of Japan

1850 words - 8 pages worth more than it was the previous day. Thus, the raises may seem miniscule, but with the given deflation of Japan’s economic state, these changes are very impactful. Despite the reasonable wages that the average worker earns in Japan, there are certain factories that deviate from the norms that exist regarding worker safety and treatment. In 2008, a non-profit and non-governmental human-rights group based out of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania

Vicious Circle of Cultural Conflicts and Interests

1303 words - 5 pages considers or prescribes for the advantage of the stronger, but for that of the weaker, which it rules" (Republic, pg. 17). So we cannot have a perfect world in which all civilizations are at same economical level. If it was possible it would be corrupted by the cultural conflicts and a vicious circle would be formed.In conclusion "The clash of civilizations" of Huntington is particularly true but economical conflicts cannot be underestimated. In the

Kate Chopin: A Pioneer Realist in the Emancipation

2694 words - 11 pages Kate Chopin was one of the strongest feminist writers of the late nineteenth century. Impressed by the literary work of her predecessors on the frustration and estrangement of women, Chopin started her writing career paying prominent attention to the immutable nature of women-sexuality, a boldness that was rare in her time. Such topics were almost exclusively reserved for men with highly estimable literary careers. This explains why Chopin?s

he role of economic geography in economic development and the impact of ICT on economic growth

2233 words - 9 pages countries are armed with good communications. On the contrary, some writers believe that geography still matters a great deal for economic interaction and for the spatial distribution of income.To discuss, I will concentrate on the role of economic geography in economic development and the impact of ICT on economic growth. From the existing inequality of economic development, we can see distance still matters in terms of economic transactions and

Is A Realist Understanding Of International Relations Still Applicable In The Early Twenty First Century?

1541 words - 6 pages PAGE 1 Essay 1Respond to any one title in no more than 1,500 words.Chosen Title:Is a realist understanding of international relations still applicable in the early twenty first century?In Politics we must act "as if all men are wicked and that they will always give rent to the malignity that is in their hands when opportunity offers" (Machiavelli: 1970 Book 1, Chapter 3) purporting that each state will do what it needs to do in order to

The Influence of Realist Style in Various Plays

1189 words - 5 pages The influence of realist style appears in all of these plays by showing the reality side of things for what they really are instead of what society tells them it is. In Death of a Salesman, Willy thinks that he wants the new American life but in reality, the American dream is only that, a dream and in order to achieve that, Willy realizes that he has to do twice as much work without complaining and that is the only way for him to get the success

The Communist Regime in Romania

1985 words - 8 pages Romania and Communism The Communist Regime in Romania was overall one of the toughest compared with what happened in other countries in Central-Eastern Europe; except, of course, the Soviet Union under Stalin. Communism in Romania is presented from the politic and economic points of view, as well as social perspective through the lack of freedom that affected Romanians’ lifestyle for many years. The history of Romania sees

Gustave Courbet, the Realist

1162 words - 5 pages Gustave Courbet, the Realist Let’s first begins with who Jean Desire Gustave Courbet was. Gustave Courbet was a famous French painter. Courbet was born in Ornans, France on June 10th of 1819. Ornans, France is a filled with forests and pasture’s perfect for realist paintings. At the age of 14 Courbet was already in art training receiving lessons from Pere Baud a former student of a neo-classical painter named Baron Gros. Courbet’s parents

Similar Essays

Progress: The Vicious Circle Essay

2005 words - 9 pages will “pay” for them; but we cannot simply deny those progresses, so we might have to learn to live in the vicious circle in which we are stuck. Works Cited - Bostrom, Nick, ‘A History of Transhumanist Thought’, Journal of Evolution and Technology, 14 (2005), nr. 1. - Huber, Eduard, ‘On Progress, Values and Marx’, Studies in Soviet Thought, 30 (1985), nr.4, 365–377. - Meek Lange, Margaret, ‘Progress’, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Edited. by Edward N. Zalta, 2011. - The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000). - Weng, Frank, ‘On Freedom and Progress: Comparing Marx and Mill’, Student Pulse, 11 (2013), nr.5.

Vicious Leadership In Lord Of The Flies

1445 words - 6 pages For centuries, many vicious leaders had ruled the world. A prime example of such leadership would be Hitler; People like him had caused corruptions to the society when, they had let their evil nature get to them. While millions of innocent people were tortured and killed, those that were responsible of this gruesome act, watched from the side. The break down or the survival of a society depends on the people that builds it. If one was to lose

The Creation Of A Functioning Market Based Economic System In China

1852 words - 7 pages Topic: The creation of a functioning market-based economic system in China is difficult, if not impossible, given current legal arrangements, Critically assess whether, or to what extent, this statement is correct.Since the reform undergone in 1978, China has experienced many changes in its legal arrangements for the socialist market development. The ultimate aim of the reform is to improve the living standards in China.Before the reform, China

The Development Context Essay

1287 words - 5 pages The Development Context This study falls at the intersection of several key themes or debates in International Development. These include the debate about the role and effectiveness of official international assistance agencies, the body of thought on the micropolitical forces which shape the development assistance process, and the debate over the ecological limits to and sustainabiltiy of economic growth. The following sections will