The Views Of Reality Of Plato And Aristotle

1015 words - 4 pages

The Views of Reality of Aristotle and PlatoIntroductionThe purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the views of reality of both Aristotle and Plato. Plato and Aristotle, two of some of the greatest philosophers of Ancient Greece, were connected in studies. Plato was taught by Socrates, then Aristotle studied at Plato's Academy. Plato was the first of the two to study, and Aristotle then studied there. And, upon learning this, one would assume that both philosophers shared the same beliefs and theories, but in fact, quite the opposite, although some theories of one gave ideas of theories to another. Plato was a great believer in God, and Aristotle lived to the rules of science, and thus this created the all famous Plato and Aristotle Dichotomy.PlatoPlato's work is very famous, and his theories are sometimes used in novels, soap operas, and movies. Plato, the older of these two philosophers, was born in Athens, Greece, in 427 B.C.E, and died in 327 B.C.E. He was one of Socrates' students, and after Socrates' death, he traveled to Egypt and Italy to work with the students of Pythagoras. Soon after, he came up with his theory of Ideal Forms. This theory was basically that everything was a copy of a perfect model. Say, for example, there was a bowl on a table. Well the bowl would be an imperfect copy of the perfect original, which existed somewhere. And the table was an imperfect copy of the perfect original table. Plato also claimed that only people with intelligence, people whom he called "Guardians" could ever see the perfect model, or Ideal Form of each thing. His second theory was his "Theory of Two Worlds, the Worlds of Shadows and Ideas." This suggested that people only believed what they saw. His example was the following simile of the cave. He explained it in a hypothetical sort of way. It started by imagining people who grew up in a cave. Seeing nothing but shadows of everything projected onto the cave wall in front of them, and not being able to see themselves, or others around them, this 'cave community' would believe that everything on this wall was real. But if one man escapes from the cave, and runs out into the sun to find out what was real, to see what people really looked like, to see what colors there had in the world. And then Plato told whoever who was listening to imagine that this man that escaped went back, and told everyone else what he saw, they would not believe him, for they did not want to admit that what they had believed for so long was not true. A good example of this theory is the 1999 film "The Matrix" where the hero, Neo, is taken out of his 'cave', which in his case is a cyber world, to the real world which is really hundreds of years later. When he tries to cope with what he just learnt, about living in a 'dream world', his mind almost rejects the information, and he ends up...

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