This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Vikings Essay

3520 words - 14 pages

The Vikings

The word Viking in the Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language says that the word Viking means the following. “Vi•king 1. any of the Scandinavian pirates who plunder the coasts of Europe from the 8th to 10th centuries. 2. a sea-roving bandit: pirate. 3. a Scandinavian. 4. U.S. Aerospace. One of a series of space probes that obtained scientific information about Mars.” (1)
The Vikings lived about one thousand years ago in the lands that we now call Iceland, Lapland, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. To most people the Vikings were raiders that got in their longboats and sailed somewhere and then went from town to town killing and pillaging. This is not completely true, because the Vikings were also great adventurers. They set up trading links and looked for land that they could settle down make a home and have a farm. But not to say that the Vikings weren’t fierce warriors, because they were great warriors that won almost every early battle. Although they never had an empire, the King of Denmark ruled Norway and England for a brief time from 1030 to 1035.
      The Vikings had many reasons for leaving their homeland and living up to being the great adventurers that they were. One reason to leave was that the land that the Vikings were living in was becoming over populated, such that one family couldn’t own as much land, as he would like. Also the land in Scandinavia, that they lived on was very mountainous and had very little land that could be farmed. Likewise Sweden contained many forests that made it not fit for farming.
     The Viking people were divided up into different classes much like many other societies. They were divided up by how much land and money that they had. There were the “kings” that ruled over each township. Below him came the rich noblemen, or jarls. The king and the jarls were the most powerful people in a township. Then below the jarls there were the freemen or the karls, which included craftsmen, merchants, and farmers. At the very bottom of the totem pole were the slaves otherwise known as thralls.
     The majority of Vikings spent very little time away from home on raids. Instead they were at home working as farmers, growing oats, barley, rye, and vegetables, and tending to their cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats. They also kept fruits, such as apples, and nuts such as hazelnuts and walnuts in storage for the winter. Other thing of plenty where reindeer, rabbit, hare, and wild bears that were hunted, they also found cod, salmon, and trout in the Scandinavian rivers and streams. Still other Vikings worked as merchants, traveling far and wide to trade their goods. Some were even specialized craftsmen such as silversmiths, blacksmiths, and woodcarvers. But the most famous of all the skilled Viking workers was the master shipbuilders and excellent sailors.

Viking Lifestyle

     The growing population of Vikings in towns such as Birka in Sweden, Ribe and Hedeby in Denmark,...

Find Another Essay On The Vikings

The Vikings People and Monasteries Essay

720 words - 3 pages The Vikings were people that raided many towns and monasteries for silver and other precious items. They mostly raided monasteries because they were the places with the most silver and expensive items. The Vikings were at first mysterious worriers and them became well known. So where did these mysterious warriors come from? They came from a place called Scandinavia. Scandinavia was built up of multiple countries like Denmark, Norway, Sweden

The Code of Ethics of the Vikings

2093 words - 8 pages While researching the Vikings and what made them such fierce warriors, I learned that the cause of their behavior came from their code of ethics as well as their ideals and religion. The Vikings had a code of ethics that dictated how any respectable warrior especially those who wanted to be heroes among their people. This is proven in the book Vikings: Raiders From The North which

Interactions Between the Vikings and Natives

2278 words - 10 pages Upon first encountering one another, the vikings and the natives of Scotland often experienced violent confrontation. However, through the passage of time they contributed in shaping each other in equal and sometimes opposite measure. There are several hypotheses that describe the details of the first viking-indigenous interactions.1 Out of the many propositions, two theories appear most often. The first asserts that the vikings set up an

VIKINGS -Analysis of the "Vinland sagas"

2700 words - 11 pages "Barbarians...thrusting their swords through everything, taking pity on nothing. The destruction is universal... Like a whirlwind or a typhoon or a torrent or I know now what to say"; "... inhumanity"; "...barbarous tribe"; "...harshness of its manners and the savagery of its character"; "...not respecting female weakness, not pitying tender infants".Above are a few of the terms used by the Constantinople patriarch Photius to describe Vikings

Vikings: The first Norman king of England

1036 words - 4 pages heir to the throne of England, landed with a Viking army in hopes of taking control of York and thus the English crown, but was defeated and killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge. This event is often cited as the end of the Viking era as the last Viking invasion. However, the era is better marked as coming to a conclusion when William the Conqueror (also a descendant of Vikings) successfully took the English throne and became the first Norman king of England in the same year of 1066 AD at the Battle of Hastings.

Analysis of When the Vikings Reached the New World

818 words - 3 pages When the Vikings reached the New World, they called the native inhabitants (American Indians or Native Americans), “Skræling.” There has been much debate as to what exactly this word or label meant. Some translate it as “skin wearers,” which may be true as to how they described them, being the Norse generally wore woolen or linen clothing and North American Natives generally wore animal skins. But there was one additional thing puzzling about

Vikings in Iceland and Greenland - Exploring the Development of Viking Civilization

1677 words - 7 pages Iceland and Greenland are located at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere and they face each other across the sea. Though Iceland is considered one of the five Nordic countries while Greenland belongs to North America, both of them were once colonies of Vikings and played important roles in Viking age. Viking civilization experienced from prosperity to decline during 8CE to 14CE on these two islands. It is very possible to find out the

The Medieval Migrations of the Muslims and Vikings

1483 words - 6 pages The movement and migrations of people groups had a major impact on medieval history. Two major medieval migrations that altered the history of the medieval world were the Muslim migration into the Iberian Peninsula in the early 8th century and the Mongol migration into Eurasia the 12th century. Arthur Keith, a Scottish anthropologist, once wrote, “Tolerance is held to be a condition of mind which is encouraged by, and is necessary for

vikings

961 words - 4 pages Vikings In Control They were fierce, heartless Barbarians who Seized and looted many European lands from the 800’s to 1000’s. They made their sneaky attacks at the crack of dawn killing anyone who came axe length away. Including innocent babies defenseless children of all ages, and helpless women. ( The Celebration Program) During their time, these people never called themselves “Vikings.” This name isn’t even meant to be the name or

Vikings

5284 words - 21 pages VIKINGS EINHERJAR – THE CHOSEN ONES                                                     Kenneth Dunn              &nbsp

Vikings

2160 words - 9 pages VIKINGS EXPLORATIONThe Viking period in history stretches for about three to four hundred years from 790 A.D. to 1100 A.D. During this period, Viking warriors raided nearby lands, explored uncharted seas, and searched for and found trade routes throughout Britain, Ireland, Southern Europe, North Africa, and Central Asia therefore the Vikings were great explorers.This adventuring spirit led them to Labrador and new discoveries. They went on to

Similar Essays

The Vikings Essay

1108 words - 4 pages Have you ever heard about the Vikings?They were the people who lived from 800 A.D. to 1100 A.D. in Norway and in Sweden (mangus). Vikings were warriors and they fought very fiercely. However what you may not know is that they were very peace full on their own land. They were farmers and traders and they did not fight all of the time, as most people commonly believe. In this paper I will tell you about the Vikings daily life, their war tactics

The Vikings Essay

1533 words - 7 pages Most people think of the Vikings as rude, rough, mean people who simply wanted to destroy and steal everything. But is that really true? Was there a reason behind the Vikings rage and destructive mentality? Their way of life was different from most of the people at the time. But they were very skilled at many things. They had different beliefs and that may have impacted their way of thinking about things compared to other people. As well as the

The Vikings Essay

1624 words - 6 pages Viking age has long been associated with uncontrolled piracy, when bandits swarmed out of the northlands in their ships to burn and pillage their way across civilized Europe. During this period much progress was achieved in terms of Scandinavian art and craftsmanship, marine technology, exploration, and the development of commerce. It seems the Vikings did as much trading as they did raiding. The title "Viking" includes a wide

The Vikings And Norse Mythology Essay

947 words - 4 pages The Vikings were experts at trading and exploring1, they were almost always trading and exploring with other countries. Europe and Asia were the countries that they mainly traded with4. The Vikings had one of the best Military’s during their time period, and were feared across Europe because they went on raids5. Most of their raids were rapid attacks on villages and towns5. When they were in battle all Vikings had a battle-axe, a shield, and