The Vikings Essay

1108 words - 4 pages

Have you ever heard about the Vikings?They were the people who lived from 800 A.D. to 1100 A.D. in Norway and in Sweden (mangus). Vikings were warriors and they fought very fiercely. However what you may not know is that they were very peace full on their own land. They were farmers and traders and they did not fight all of the time, as most people commonly believe. In this paper I will tell you about the Vikings daily life, their war tactics, their explorations, and the types of Vikings that there were.DAILY LIFEIn the 800's life was very different than it is today. It was more difficult and there were not as many things as we have now. The Vikings had houses made out of wood because there were lots of trees so it was easier to find recourses. The Vikings traded and they farmed on there own land. They ate twice a day, in the morning, and at night. They also raided other towns for supplies and for slaves. It is not commonly known that the Vikings had slaves, although they did not have many.There was 25,000 Vikings in Iceland in the mid 900's. The Viking Empire was mainly in Iceland and the Vikings are the ones who made Iceland noticeable. The Vikings did not have books so they passed on history by stories and poems. The Viking alphabet was made up of runes. There are still remains of the runes in some parts of Europe like Iceland and Normandy.It was customary for Viking men to wear long shirts and on top of the shirt they wore cloaks. They would also wear fur if they had any way to get any. Underneath the cloaks they wore long pants. The women wore long skirts and they wore blouses. The Viking women had more rights than other women at the time, although they did not have as much rights as women have now.The Vikings also had several gods. A few of them were: Odin, Thor, Frey, and Freyja. The most important god that the Vikings had was Thor. Our day Thursday is named after this Viking god.WAR TACTICSThe Vikings were very skilled at surprising and attacking their enemies. They won almost every battle that they had if they surprised their enemies. However, if they failed to gain the element of surprise, they could lose and have to retreat.The Vikings had many ways of sneaking up on the enemy; the most common was by using a boat. There were two kinds of Viking boats, the longship and the cargoship. The longship had an almost flat bottom so it could go up rivers easily. It could carry up to 30 people in the boat. The longships were very fast and not very heavy. The cargoship was more like a regular boat and it could carry up to 38 tons. The longship would usually be from 15 meters to 30 meters long.The first Viking raid happened in 793 when Norwegian raiders went and raided an island on England. This raid inspired many other raids to take place. The Vikings would sail up the river to wherever the enemies were and then they would surprise attack them. If the battle went like they wanted it to than they would take what ever they needed from the looser...

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