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The Voting Rights Act Of 1965 And The Supreme Court

765 words - 4 pages

The Civil Rights Movement is a popular quest to secure many African Americans to have equal opportunities, privileges, and rights as they withhold a U.S citizenship. As it originated in the early 19th century, men and women organized the movement nationally and locally to pursue their goals with negotiations, petitions, and protest as a change of social segregation. Later Martin Luther King Jr. noticed that attention needed to be put into the fact that few southern blacks were able to have their right to vote. As this sprung into action, in 1965 a local protest against racial restrictions had begun. This same year, President Lyndon B. Johnson responded by starting the Voting Rights Act to preserve blacks’ rights to vote. This act banned literacy tests and also thousands of federal voting officials were sent to the South to observe black voting registration. As of Section 4 it ensures votes are not denied on the account of race or color and also the citizen’s right to vote is not denied if he/she fails to comply with any test or device. A test or device includes requirements such as passing a literacy test. (“Transcript of..”) Nevertheless, Amendment 15, which guarantees that voting rights cannot be denied based on race, is a permanent law to protect voting rights section 5 states that it can freeze any election practices and procedure for subject review. Section 5 requires proof that the any voting change does not deny the voting right because of race, color, or a language minority. In 2006, the Congress extended requirements of section 5 to be active for an additional 25 years. (“Civil Rights..”) This law is relevant to Section 4 and 5 of the Act during the Civil Rights Era because the Voting Rights Act of 1965 ensured that state and local governments cannot pass policies or laws that denied any American Citizen the opportunity to vote based on their race. This act worked to keep the voting rights free, fair and accessible to any American Citizen to have their say and participation in our democracy.

The supreme courts decision that section 4 is unnecessary to the Voters Right Act of 1965 is in fact unconstitutional because its creation was based on the fact that society was oppressing...

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