The Wannsee Conference Essay

1768 words - 7 pages

On 20 January 1942, an interagency meeting of less than two hours, including lunch, was held at a lakeside villa, previously owned by Interpol, in Berlin's western suburb Wannsee to coordinate the implementation of the 'final solution of the Jewish question.' The meeting of high-ranking administrators of several ministries and other agencies was convened at the invitation of Reinhard Heydrich, head of the powerful Reich Security Main Office, on the basis of Göring's instructions to him six months earlier to make plans for a 'total solution.' In fact, by the time the meeting was held, the grim work had begun. The first systematic deportation of German Jews to the East had been undertaken, and mobile killing squads had already murdered many thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others in the Soviet Union. Furthermore, murder by gas vans at Chelmno had started about six weeks before the Wannsee meeting. Thus, the Wannsee Conference was held to coordinate implementation of a 'final solution' already underway. (United 39)Adolf Eichmann, head of Department IVB4, the Gestapo's Jewish section, prepared the notes and summary known today as the Wannsee Protocol. It was carefully edited by his superiors, and euphemisms were used; the minutes spoke of 'the evacuation of the Jews to the East' and of allocation of the Jews 'for labor in the East, . . . in the course of which action a great part will undoubtedly be eliminated by natural causes.' At his trial in Jerusalem, however, Eichmann said:'These gentlemen were standing, or sitting together, and were discussing the subject quite bluntly, quite differently from the language I have used later in the record. During the conversation, they minced no words about it at all. . . . they spoke about methods of killing, about liquidation, about extermination.'After the meeting, Eichmann reported, Heydrich expressed 'great satisfaction' and drank a glass of cognac. Thirty copies of the protocol were made, but only the sixteenth carbon copy survived. (United 39)At the Wannsee meeting, Heydrich calculated that eleven million European Jews were to be included in the 'final solution.' Other topics under discussion were mischlinge (half-Jews and quarter-Jews) and the deportation of all Jews in mixed marriages in Germany. Sterilization and compulsory divorce were mentioned as possible solutions, but no decision was taken. (United 39)The discussion about half-Jews and quarter-Jews continued in a second meeting on 6 March 1942, held at the offices of IVB4 in RSHA headquarters on the Kurfürstenstrasse in Berlin. Under Eichmann's chairmanship the meeting focused on a proposal for the compulsory sterilization of seventy thousand mischlinge of the 'first degree.' After months of interministerial correspondence, a third meeting was convened on 27 October 1942 at Eichmann's office. This session discussed the medical feasibility of sterilization and the problem of deciding the fate of Jews in mixed marriages. (United 39)The...

Find Another Essay On The Wannsee Conference

Intentionalism and Adolf Hitler’s Rise to Power

2023 words - 8 pages photographed all aspects of their murders.On January 20th, 1942, after the United States became involved in the war, the Wannsee Conference took place in an effort to decide how to implement the ?Final Solution,? ?the Nazis' code name for the deliberate, carefully planned destruction, or genocide, of all European Jews.?(7) Following the conference, two of Hitlers top officials, Himmler and Heydrich, were given full responsibility for the Final

The Mischlinge: The Forgotten Victims of The Holocaust

2372 words - 9 pages were left with the Mischlinge and required, by fabricated categorization under Nazi law, to only exist as a society of strangers. The Mischlinge were subsequently “forced to live quasi-integrated in the very society that was persecuting them,” as the total subjugation of Jewish influence escalated toward Hitler’s “Final Solution” (103). The infamous Wannsee Conference of 1942 dealt with the purported “Final Solution” and the fate of European

Hitler's Aryan View of The World

1363 words - 5 pages senior bureaucrats met at the Wannsee conference. There they discussed what they should do with the Jews in Germany. One solution they came up with was to deport Europe's Jews to Madagascar. This solution was abounded as impractical in wartime. The second solution they came up with was to round up all Jews throughout Europe and transporting all eastward. There the Jews would be organized into labor gangs. The Jews would live under very bad

How far do you agree that as late as 1940, Hitler remained undecided on the "Jewish question". It was the invasion of the Soviet Union, which transformed the situation?

884 words - 4 pages place after the invasion on the Soviet Union on 22nd June 1941. Hitler ordered the Einsatzgruppen to advance into Russia - they are to execute the Jews, however, in the first period women and children are excluded from executions. The exact plan of Holocaust was designed on Wannsee Conference in January 1942 and in July the first mass executions begin in Treblinka.The above presented chronology is the argument in favour of functionalists because it

Explain how the Nazis dealt with Jews in occupied territories

1021 words - 4 pages herded into ghettos and concentration camps. Germany occupied western Poland in fall 1939. Much of this territory was taken over by the German Reich. At the Wannsee Conference in Berlin in January 1942, the SS and representatives of German government ministries estimated that the "Final Solution," the Nazi plan to kill the Jews of Europe, would involve 11 million European Jews, including those from non-occupied countries such as Ireland

Similarities between the Ku Klux Klan and the Nazi Party

1212 words - 5 pages who saluted. Hitler is best known for one of the biggest massacres in history- the Holocaust. Because of his anti-Semitism, Hitler ordered that all Jews and certain other minorities be removed from the cities, and left the decision of how and where to put them in the hands of the Nazis and SS leaders. In 1942, the two groups held a meeting- the Wannsee Conference, at which they tried to find a solution to the “Jewish question” in an hour

Human Rights Violations

1137 words - 5 pages Jews, Gypsies, and Soviet leaders, and shot them to death one by one. The face-to-face killing became difficult for the killers, and the Nazis soon sought a more impersonal and efficient method of genocide. They began using sealed vans. The prisoners choked to death on exhaust fumes as the van traveled to a burial pit. Later at the Wannsee Conference, held in Berlin in January 1942, Nazi leaders further systematized the killing. They decided that

Failure of the Volksgemeinschaft

1279 words - 5 pages with the Final Solution. According to Fritzsche, in 1942 at the Wannsee conference, Nazi officials changed their view of simply getting rid of Jewish individuals to the systematic extermination of Jewish people at death camps (Fritzsche pg. 207). During this time, the Nazis set up the mass transportation of Jews to concentration camps via railroads, trucks and other forms of transportation. This “Final Solution” which would be later known as the

Why and How the Nazis Persecuted Jews

1264 words - 5 pages subhuman the people believed that they were. And they did not really see what was happening in the ghettos. The Nazis now knew they could with anything. In 1941 Germany invaded Russia and they seemed set to take on thousands of Jews. The Nazis decided that that ghettos and concentration camps were not enough for them. In 1942 the Wannsee conference was held where over a buffet lunch they came to a 'final solution

Holocaust

1233 words - 5 pages disinfectant; only through experimentation did the Nazi’s learn about its lethality to humans. Jews were told they were to get “a shower” and were herded into sealed rooms. Special holes in the ceiling allowed Germans to drop the Zyklon-B tablets in, it was a very painful death. The Wannsee Conference also occurred in this year, it was a discussion about how to kill the Jewish race on a larger scale, to coordinate the extermination of the

The Final Solution

1314 words - 5 pages the movement Hitler only wanted to make the Jews feel un-wanted and rejected in the German way of life. In 1940, plans were devised by the Nazis to ship all Jews to Madagascar. This was called the 'Madagascan Plan' and involved moving every single Jew from Germany and her captured lands to Madagascar so as to rid them from Germany altogether. This was abandoned soon after the Wannsee Conference as it was deemed impractical

Similar Essays

Preconceived Or Impulse? Essay

2631 words - 11 pages man who solely built up the SD, the Nazis’ intelligence agency. He is also the man who, after being ordered to accomplish a task, assembled the Wannsee conference (Reinhard Heydrich). “The ’Final solution’ was a code name for the murder of all the Jews of Europe. The people present at the conference were to discuss how to make mass murder happen in an organised and methodical way” (What Was the Final Solution?). Hermann Goering was an important

The Final Solution Essay

1413 words - 6 pages Germany--such as Italy and Hungary. On January 20, 1942, a meeting of high-ranking officials chaired by Heydrich was convened in an SS-owned mansion in the Berlin neighborhood of Wannsee. This meeting came to be known as the Wannsee Conference. Attached to the summonses to attend the Wannsee Conference was a directive from Nazi leader Hermann Göring to Heydrich to prepare a European-wide "final solution" to the Jewish question. Heydrich told

Why Did The Nazis Implement The Final Solution?

1168 words - 5 pages The Final Solution was the planned extermination of all the Jews in Europe by the Nazis, through systematic gassing. The implementation of the Final Solution after the Wannsee Conference in January 1942 can be explained by fundamentally, the core beliefs of Nazis and Anti-Semitism. Thus the Final Solution was also implemented because of Nazi obsession with solving the 'Jewish problem' which had failed in previous methods. The war, and in

Auschwitz Info Essay

518 words - 2 pages WHO did this and WHAT happenedThe German army, led by Adolf Hitler, imprisoned Jews, Slavs, Red Army prisoners of war, gypsies, political prisoners and homosexuals in concentration camps also known as extermination camps. There were many of these camps established. Auschwitz had three main camps. The "Final Solution" was organized at a secret conference in Wannsee in 1941.The prisoners were not treated well. They were starved and once they