The War Against Terror And China's Treatment Of The Uigher Ethnic Minority

3773 words - 15 pages

The War Against Terror and China's Treatment of the Uigher Ethnic Minority

In the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States, President George W. Bush reached out to the world to back the U.S. in a war to eradicate terrorism. One of the more surprising participants in this coalition, China, had until that point been at odds with U.S. policy but seemed to find sufficient common ground with the U.S. to support the war. In recent months however, China has not been lauded for unprecedented cooperation with its “strategic competitor” but has instead been criticized for using the war on terror as carte blanche to step up its “Strike Hard” campaign in the Uigher Xinjiang Autonomous Region in the northwest, resulting in unprecedented numbers of executions of political prisoners, a suspension of free religious worship, and a general decline in respect for human rights. The western media has claimed that Beijing had been waiting for a chance to crack down on Uigher separatists and is now behaving as an opportunist to pursue these goals while the U.S. is in no position to decry its behavior. However, this opportunism argument only explains some of the recent actions in Xinjiang; in this paper I will seek to show that Beijing’s increased policing of Xinjiang serves primarily to demonstrate to the international community that it will not be excluded from Central Asia.

The Roots of Today’s Conflicts in Xinjiang

An overview of the history of this volatile region is vital to understanding the present struggle for control. The movement for self-rule of Xinjiang dates back to the beginnings of China’s last dynasty, the Qing (1644-1911) when ethnic Chinese sought to settle the region and incorporate it into the empire. Because of its remote location, Xinjiang was largely left unscathed by World War II and during this time an independent state was established in Kashgar, the cultural and religious center of the region. Between 1944 and 1949 the Turkic Islamic Republic of Eastern Turkestan was established; this short-lived period of impendence came to an end when the Communist Party formerly incorporated the province into the PRC with the agreement of the leaders of the Eastern Turkestan Republic. [1]The agreement of the leadership did not, however, quell the movement for independence; a number of political and religious leaders refused to accept Beijing as the legitimate authority over the region. In the midst of the widespread upheaval of the Cultural Revolution, the separatist movement was able to organize into the Eastern Turkestan People’s Party, although fear of Red Guard attacks were pervasive and prevented any significant expression of minority or separatist sentiment.[2] The demise of the Maoist era, however, would bring reforms and consequently new justifications and opportunities for expression of separatist sentiment among the Uigher population.

Deng Xiaoping’s accession to power brought with it reform and...

Find Another Essay On The War Against Terror and China's Treatment of the Uigher Ethnic Minority

War Against Terror and Human Rights

3124 words - 12 pages War Against Terror and Human Rights The Human Rights Act 1998 took full legal effect across the English and Welsh legal systems on October 2nd 1998. The Act, allows people to claim a number of the rights and freedoms that are set out in the European Convention on Human Rights. The Government had high hopes that when the act was passed it would create a 'Culture of Human Rights within the United Kingdom.' The

Bush's War On Terror and the Erosion of Civil Liberties

634 words - 3 pages Bush's War On Terror and the Erosion of Civil Liberties Nearly all the amendments in the Bill of Rights have been reduced since the beginning of the war. The fourth through eighth amendments have been especially hit hard by this “war.” Search & seizure, due process, a speedy and public trial with a jury, and cruel & unusual punishment have all been disregarded as part of the current administration’s policy. The “War On Terror” has

The War on Terror

1691 words - 7 pages opinion for the War on Terror when the public and media relations had been strained in recent times. In 9/11 and The War on Terror, Holloway states, ‘However, early accounts of how corporate news outlets in the US covered 9/11 agreed to a remarkable extent that ‘the media was complicit in narrowing, rather than broadening, meaningful discourse’ about the attacks, and had contributed significantly to a ‘confinement of the parameters of meaningful

The war on terror

1680 words - 7 pages WikiLeaks many civilian deaths are caused by mines or drones. These numbers show the amount of devastation caused by the War on terror and more than ten years later these numbers are still rising. Ultimately there are still over 50,000 troops in Afghanistan and there are still plans to remain there for a while. Another consequence of the war is that in a combination of regarding the safety of the homeland and getting an edge against possible

The War On Terror

1311 words - 5 pages of using violence to gain political objectives. Its tactics are usually employed by weaker, irregular groups against governments that possess organized armies and the modern means for waging war formally and more destructively (both methods of violence may target and destroy the lives of innocents). Terror campaigns are cruel by nature but in some instances are regarded as righteous, when the violence is used to liberate oppressed

The "War on Terror"

1494 words - 6 pages The "War on Terror" in Iraq is causing a uproar in America, citizens no longer find it necessary to continue letting the troops stay in Iraq. This is causing them to protest and to wrongly prosecute the government, but at the same time the media will not give us a clear understanding of the war. If the government can not give use good reasons to keep fighting, why should we continue to support it? Many famous writers are now making their voices

The War on Terror

2650 words - 11 pages Introduction Ten years ago, the German government decided about the involvement in the ‘war on terror’ and his Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and the intervention in Afghanistan as part of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). This decision based on the resolutions 1368, 1378, 1383 and 1386 of the Security Council of the United Nation from November and December 2001. These resolutions legitimated the general conditions for the

Yemen and the War on Terror

1685 words - 7 pages “Critical Reasoning”: Yemen and the War on Terror This paper will provide a brief description of Yemen, the global importance Yemen has in the War on Terror, and how the War on Terror affects the interests of the United States (U.S.) and the world. I will also discuss how the U.S. provides support to Yemen, what support is provided to other countries in the area by the U.S., and how the War on Terror is fought in Yemen by the U.S. and other

Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror

1785 words - 7 pages if so at what cost to the future? I do not believe that we should grant every request but instead make decisions based on a case by case basis. Works Cited Habeas Corpus Act of 1863. (2009). Habeas Corpus Act of 1863, 1. Fallon Jr., R. H. (2010). THE SUPREME COURT, HABEAS CORPUS, AND THE WAR ON TERROR: AN ESSAY ON LAW AND POLITICAL SCIENCE. Columbia Law Review,110(2), 352-398. Sutton, J. (2012, April 19). Two Guantanamo Uighur prisoners head

How Important is Racism in the Educational Experience of Pupils in Britain from Minority Ethnic Groups?

1219 words - 5 pages How Important is Racism in the Educational Experience of Pupils in Britain from Minority Ethnic Groups What is racism? The Cambridge International dictionary of English describes it as "the belief that people's qualities are influenced by their race and that the members of other races are not as good as the members of your own, which results in the other races being treated unfairly" From the reader (block 5 unit

Narco-Terror: the United States, the Drug War, and the War on Terror

4787 words - 19 pages Narco-Terror: the United States, the Drug War, and the War on Terror Introduction The United States has had a long-standing policy of intervening in the affairs of other nations when the country has thought it within its best interests to do so. Since the 1970’s the United States has tried to impose its will on other nations to combat the most pressing political enemy of the day often linking the war on drugs to the matter to stoke

Similar Essays

The Past And Present Treatment Of Ethnic Minorities In Britain

2114 words - 8 pages The Past and Present Treatment of Ethnic Minorities in Britain For this assigment I will be looking at the past and present treatments of the ethnic minorities in Britain. I will also prove or disprove my hypothesis, of which is: 'The arrival of various ethinic minority groups in Britain over the past 60 years, has created a more tolerant and

The Sino Indian War Of 1962 And China's Revisionism.

1012 words - 4 pages As everyone knows, China insists on reminding its people about the evils the Japanese committed against it in a brutal war of aggression 60 years ago. At the same time however, the Chinese regime refuses to acknowledge its own aggression but instead omits or distorts history to justify its claims and ambitions.In my class, I deal with the Manchurian invasion and the issue of Japanese textbooks ignoring, excusing, or even justifying atrocities

The War On Terror And The Abuse Of Human Rights

1565 words - 7 pages last decade the United States, among other countries, has fought a war on terror around the world that has resulted in new laws and policies that have drastically taken away the rights of human beings both in foreign countries and domestically. The war on terror has changed the lives of millions of people around the world irreparably. This war did not just start over night however, there were plenty of signs that led up to the war. The biggest

The Right Of Habeas Corpus And The War On Terror

1426 words - 6 pages The Right of Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror Introduction September 11, 2001 changed the United States forever. This disastrous attack on the Pentagon and the twin towers at the World Trade Center destroyed the lives of thousands of people. Over 3,000 people were killed, including hundreds or firefighters and policemen, many of which were never found. The attackers were Islamic terrorists from Arab nations. The war on terror declared