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The War In Afghanistan Essay

2449 words - 10 pages

The War in Afghanistan has been an all consuming conflict for the US government since we started to launch air strikes on October 7, 2001. This is a conflict that’s been brewing since before the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This war has the continuation of past conflicts in it, conflicts that can be connected a good deal to the interference of other large powers, such as the USSR. From keeping an eye on the oil reserves, pressuring Iran, and keeping Pakistan stable, our interests and motives for occupying Afghanistan are undeniably laced with many ulterior motives, providing us with the issue of unfavorable opinion and our interests being the source of terrorist attacks. Afghanistan is a country that has been plagued with disarray and strong outside control by those that are not of European descent for as far back as the First Anglo-Afghan War, and possibly further back. Afghanistan is also a country that has dealt with internal strife in the form of civil war that has aided in its instability.
The current War in Afghanistan can be contributed to the fallout from a few factors: the Afghan Civil War, the USSR invasion and withdrawal, and the fall of the Afghan Communist Government. The Afghan Civil war started when the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan took over the government in a bloody coup in April 1978. There was much internal fighting between PDPA government and the people. The people started to resist to this new government and the USSR used this as an opportunity to send in their troops to prop up their new potential satellite government. As a result, the rebellious Afghani people started to form militarized resistance in the form of the mujahedeen who fought against the USSR invasion. This provided the stage for Mullah Mohommed Omar, with Mullah being a title of an Islamic religious leader. This is the same as the title Ayatollah. He became the leader of the organization the Taliban. The Taliban was rooted in a strict version of Islamic Law that basically made the guidelines for being what the Taliban interpreted as a “good Muslim” enforced by the law. Things that were options, such as men growing beards and attending religious services regularly and women not working outside of the home were responsibilities the new regime endowed on the people. In the Taliban’s quest to impose Islamic law, they attracted Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaida to the cause.
The Taliban began to take down the local warlords and feudal system and began to make a name for themselves in the region. This brought the support of neighboring Pakistan, with the ulterior motive of attempting to establish a friendly, stable government in Kabul. The fighting caused a sudden influx of refugees to Pakistan’s border regions, which interfered with Pakistan’s trade. The Taliban eventually gained control of Kandahar, where they acquired their new weapons, and Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan. Despite the Taliban’s successes, they had...

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