The War Of 1806 Essay Concerning The War Napoleon Fought In 1806 Against Prussia. This War Had Two Major Battles, Jena And Auerstedt.

2500 words - 10 pages

Europe, the Nineteenth Century has just begun, Napoleon has been crowned Emperor of the French. This however does not sit well with the other major powers in Europe.Great Britain fearing invasion has formed a coalition against their long-time enemy: France. In 1805 Napoleon defeated the Russians and the Austrians in the battles of Ulm and Austerlitz, givng him power to change the borders of the map as he saw fit. In 1806 Napoleon caused the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, which had lasted for over a thousand years. At the same time he formed the Confederation of the Rhine, which served as a garrison for his Grande Armee.This was a direct insult to the Kingdom of Prussia, which until that point had been neutral. In September, 1806 King Frederick III mobilized his army, giving Napoleon an ultimatum. Frederick III demanded the immediate withdrawal of French forces from the German states. Napoleon's response; he ordered his armies to advance on the Prussians at once. If Napoleon succeeds, all of central Europe will be under his control.Campaign plans were going on for quite some time, Napoleon chose 7 brave and outgoing men to lead his infantry corps, these were the Marshals: Bernadotte, Davout, Soult, Lannes, Ney, and Augereau. Marshal Murat was in charge of the cavalry. (in French you usually do not pronounce the last part of a word)According to plans they would take separate routes to Berlin, force the Prussians and allied Saxons into 1 decisive battle. They were going to attack swiftly so as not to give the Prussians a chance to assemble against them. Each corps had 25000-20000 men that can each operate as an individual army. The leader of the 175000 invasion force was under the direct command of Napoleon himself.Frederick did not claim to be much of a tactician; therefore he turned over command to Duke van Braunschwieg. Who had previously fought in the French Revolution. Count Tauentzien commanded the left wing, Prince Hohenlohe on the right. Ruchel the flanking corps and Count Kalkreuth commanded the reserve. Size and formation depended on the officer's rank and status. The order of battle was all but settled and was changed on numerous occasions.The bulk of the allied Saxons were commanded by general Zezschwhitz, Blucher was in charge of the Prussian rear guard The Duke Sachsen Weimar and the Prussian Prince Louis, who was the only commander under the age of 40.The Prussians would advance two detachments on both sides, the larger force would head to the north, to counter the French advance.Meanwhile the French begin their march, heading northeast taking 3 separate roads, each army is only a days march from each other. With Napoleon in the center marching with his Imperial Guard. Napoleon receives a constant stream of new reports from each army.The first confrontations with the Prussians take place at Auma, Saalfeld, and Schieltz.The position of the Prussian army is instantly obvious to Napoleon, he issues a hard left turn and orders his...

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