The War of 1812
On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain. The peace treaty to end the war was signed in Europe, 1814. The war lasted from 1812 to the spring of 1815 because there was a delay in communications. It was fought along the Canadian border, along with several sea battles. By the time the war was over the United States lost 2,260 soldiers, and the British 1,600 soldiers. The war of 1812 was a very significant event that took place in the U.S. It did in fact confirm America’s independence. That is why it is often referred to as “the second war of independence or “the second revolutionary war.
“The United States had been upset with British for several reasons. British failed to withdraw from American territory along the Great Lakes despite United States victory during the Revolutionary war. British military allegedly supported the Indians on American frontier; and their unwillingness to sign commercial agreements favorable to the United States.” American resentment grew during the United Kingdom’s ongoing war with Napoleon’s France. France had domination over the continent of Europe, while Britain had power over the seas. This affected many countries, and it particularly affected America’s trade.
Since Britain didn’t was engaged in war with France, they did not want Americans to trade with France. British saw America as a threat to its maritime supremacy. They argued that it evaded the British rule of 1756, which forbid any trade during wartime that wasn’t allowed during peacetime. The United States believed that the United Kingdom was in violation of a neutral nation’s right to trade with any nation they saw fit. As a result trade tension increased and so did the number of American ships being seized by the British. This act of impressments became a big problem.
The following year Great Britain imposed a series of trade restriction in order to impede neutral trade with France in response to Napoleon’s Continental System. The British maritime policy was influenced by it’s jealousy of America’s commercial growth. Even though both France and Britain violated the United States neutral rights on the seas, the United States resented Britain maritime policies more because they dominated the seas. The U.S. tried to peacefully change the policies of the European powers. There would not be a British maritime policy if it had not been for the war with France. The policy was intended to destroy Frances economy.
During the Napoleonic Wars the Royal Navy expanded to 175 ships of the line and 600 ships overall, requiring 140,000 sailors. The Royal Navy turned to impressments when it didn’t have enough able bodies to man the ships. The Royal Navy went after Royal Navy Veterans or deserters who had left and became sailors in the United States merchant navy by intercepting and searching U.S merchant ships. Britain also considered any U.S. citizen born in British liable for impressments. The inability to distinguish...