In my book, “The War of Art” author Steven Pressfield examines and talks at length with overcoming procrastination. A chronic problem for me. Throughout the book, he refers to Resistance as being the sole reason we do not get things done before the deadline. While Resistance is also the reason many of us slip helplessly into its tempting lures to pull us away from reaching our potential being happy. Mr. Pressfield also uses many personal example to help illustrate what he is saying. By using these examples he overcomes his Resistance and encourages us to persevere and fight the Resistance.
What is procrastination? To me it’s the phenomenon of foregoing your daily responsibilities and “doing it tomorrow.” The problem with procrastination is that more often than not “tomorrow” never comes. So how do psychologist define procrastination? According to J.N. Choi and A.H.C. Chu they define procrastination into two types: active and passive. Active procrastination is “make intentional decisions to procrastinate, thus applying strong motivation under time pressure, they are able to complete tasks before deadlines and achieve satisfactory outcomes.” (Choi & Chu) While passive procrastinators are “traditional procrastinators who postpone their tasks until the last minute with feelings of guilt and depression and are more likely to fail to complete tasks.” (Choi & Chu) In their research, they found that differences among the two procrastinators can be cognitive, affective and behavioral dimensions. They go on to list other things that differ such as; stress, depression, test anxiety, misuse of time, self-efficacy, time management, organization, and among other things.
What causes procrastination? In most cases in can be a derivative from being lazy and a lack of motivation. Motivation can be an internal or external force that drives us to our goals. External goals can include a high GPA or proving yourself to others around you. While internal goals are more related to enjoyment and feeling self-assured. The self-determination theory was thought up by Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan that involves motivation which is the key component to becoming a non-procrastinating person. The theory is concerned with “supporting our natural or intrinsic tendencies to behave in effective and healthy ways.” (Deci & Ryan) The self-determination theory is one that supports intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic or internal motivation are more likely to help you succeed in your goal of not procrastinating because it is using inner beliefs and inner happiness to achieve goals.
The book I read agreed with this one hundred percent in many cases, Mr. Pressfield explained that we do not need to do things in order to obtain acceptance from others, but instead, we need to accomplish our goals because that is what our inner self wants to do. Mr. Pressfield used the example of pros to amateurs many times to express the thought process and motivation pros use as opposed to...