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The War That Change The World Of Warfare

1800 words - 7 pages

The onslaught of World War Two would change the world of warfare as we know it in. War has already gone from large units marching to one another and repeatedly opening fire to trench warfare. Where people would dig in and fight in open fields full of land mines, traps, barb wire, and the dead, as bullets whizzed by and tanks roll passed to a new war one fought in city’s house to house, in open fields, and on beach heads. The next evolution into this modern war was the advent of Naval Special warfare units. They would get there start in World War Two as underwater mine and obstacle disposal units but the lessons they learned in World War Two would shape the world of war and Naval Special Warfare today. These men are the for fathers of units such as Navy SEALs, SWCC and MARSOC that have taken on a new form and role from building on these units in WWII such as Naval Special Service Unit No. 1(Frogmen), Navy Combat Demolition Units (NCDU’s), Navy Scouts and Raiders, Underwater Demolition Teams (UDT’s)and the start of Naval Special Warfare.
Naval Special Service unit, No1 very little is known about this top secret forerunner to all other naval special warfare including Naval Combat Demolition Units (NCDU). During the think up of what the unit would need to be able to do, they determined that the requirements and the mission would put the sailors in hazardous conditions to perform even more hazardous tasks including underwater reconnaissance and other amphibious operations. They were finally official established on July 7, 1943 and began official training in Cairns Base learning Navigation, raft work martial arts, jungle survival, and underwater recognizance.
The origins of Naval Special Warfare can be traced back to the Scouts and Raiders, Naval Combat Demolition Units, Office of Strategic Services Operational Swimmers, Underwater Demolition Teams, and the Motor Torpedo Boat Squadrons of World War II. Formed in September of 1942, nine months after Japans attack on Pearl Harbor, the men of the Scouts and Raiders were trained for reconnaissance and raiding missions. The first Scout and Raider teams went through training in Little Creek, Virginia before deploying to North Africa where they earned 8 Navy Crosses, however, in August of 1942 a school was established especially for the training of these groups of men, with the first training classes beginning in September of 1942. Among these men was Phil H Bucklew, who would go on to be called the “Father of Special Warfare”. “After North Africa, the Scouts and Raiders participated in landings in Sicily, Salerno, Anzio, the Adriatic, Normandy, and Southern France.” The actions in the Mediterranean continued with more men being trained in North African bases as well as at Fort Pierce. The Scouts and Raiders operated in support of actions in the Italian campaign, especially during the numerous amphibious landings that occured Italy. The emphasis during most of the Italian operations was on scouting and...

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