Kashmir, a 222,236 sq km region in the northwestern Indian subcontinent, is surrounded by China in the northeast, the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in the south, by Pakistan in the west, and by Afghanistan in the northwest.
One portion of Kashmir is called Jammu and Kashmir and the other, Pakistani-controlled part of the region is known as Azad Kashmir. The Kashmir Valley is one of the most fertile lands on the planet, thick with rich pine and cedar forests and covered in rice paddies, hemp and saffron, apple and apricot orchards and walnut trees. "Who has not heard of the Vale of Cashemere," wrote the Irish poet Thomas Moore in 1817, "with its roses the brightest that earth ever gave." Kashmir is so breathtaking in physical beauty that Mugal emperors in the 16th and 17th century considered it “an earthly paradise”.
If Kashmir was a paradise under the Mugals, it's been nothing of the sort since the middle part of the 20th century (unfortunately). The region has been dubbed "disputed territory" between India and Pakistan since the partition of India in 1947. Although, during partition, the agreement was that any areas more than 70% Muslim would go to Pakistan. Kashmir has more than 90% Muslims and therefore clearly should have been part of Pakistan, but Kashmir was split, with two-thirds going to India and a third going to Pakistan, even though India's share was predominantly Muslim. Due to this integrity, Muslims rebelled. India repressed them and again war broke out. In 1965, India and Pakistan fought their second of three major wars since 1947 over Kashmir. The United States was largely to blame for setting the stage for war. The second war over Kashmir, never declared, broke out on Aug. 15, 1965 and lasted until an UN-brokered cease-fire on Sept. 22. The war was inconclusive, costing the two sides a combined 7,000 casualties but gaining them little. Further war broke out between India and Pakistan over Kashmir in 1999, whilst there is also a Kashmir separatist movement. But still after three major wars, the matter is unsolved and inconclusive and therefore named “Kashmir issue”.
India has officially stated that it believes that Kashmir is an integral part of India while, Pakistan says that Kashmir is a disputed territory whose final status must be determined by the people of Kashmir. I will take side of Pakistan’s view. The main reason why I and most others take the Pakistan side is not my nationality but it is due to that, the wrong decision was taken at the time of partition. Another main reason is that, numerous polls have been taken of the people of Indian Kashmir. Every one of these polls has had a similar result. Some want an independent Kashmir. Some want to join Pakistan. Almost none at all want to stay in India.
Everyone knows that, this dispute is the main reason of tension between India and Pakistan. It has badly affected trade and economic development of South Asia. For decades this crucial issue is waiting...